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Evolution and Mechanics of and Head Protection

  • George Salvaterra

Abstract

The major focus of this chapter is two-fold: 1) to deliver a clear message that athletic injuries, including traumatic brain injury, are not simply accidents, but instead, they have definite patterns and distinct non-random and more or less predictable characteristics; and 2) to elaborate on current understanding of head protection by means of a scientific database approach to the mechanics of helmetry. It is the responsibility of athletes’ health care providers and sport clinicians to continually make adjustments to rules and protective devices in order to reach an optimal level of safe participation without changing the integrity of the game. These steps may ensure that protective devices are indeed performing as expected and not causing harm to athletes and to other participants.

Keywords

Helmetry Concussion Multi-sport Helmets Pneumatic helmets Head gear Database approach Types of head impact 

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References

  1. Viano, D. C. (1990). Public Health Report, 105(4):329–333.Google Scholar
  2. Doege, T.C. (1978). Sounding board: Any injury is no accident. New England Journal of Medicine, 298(9), 509–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gurdjian, E. S. (1962). Protection of the Head and Neck in Sports. JAMA, 182(5), 509–12.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Salvaterra
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of Athletics, Sport Medicine CenterThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park

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