Effects of Pain and Audiovisual Stimulation on the Hypoxic Ventllatory Response

  • Suzanne B. Karan
  • J. Russell Norton
  • William Voter
  • Linda Palmer
  • Denham S. Ward
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 551)


The non-chemoreflex drive to breathe is complex and influenced by the cortical, limbic and reticular activating systems. This reflex can be facilitatory or inhibitory and may have different modulating effects on normoxic ventilation and the acute hypoxic response (AHR). This interaction can be particularly important when considering the effects of the non-chemoreflex drive on anesthetic induced ventilatory depression.1, 2, 3, 4, 5 This study clarifies the effects of pain and audiovisual stimulation (AVS) on ventilation and on the AHR.


Ventilatory Response Hypoxic Ventilatory Response Inspiratory Drive Audiovisual Stimulation Significant Test Effect 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne B. Karan
    • 1
  • J. Russell Norton
    • 1
  • William Voter
    • 1
  • Linda Palmer
    • 1
  • Denham S. Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochester

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