Response of juvenile goldfish (Carassius auratus) to chemical alarm cues: Relationship between response intensity, response duration, and the level of predation risk

  • Xiaoxia Zhao
  • Douglas P. Chivers


Predation Risk Fathead Minnow Prey Animal Antipredator Response Brook Charr 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoxia Zhao
  • Douglas P. Chivers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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