From Binary Strings to Visual Programming

A Nordic perspective on history of programming and programming languages
  • Knut Skog
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 174)


Starting with the events around the first von Neumann machine in 1945, this paper presents the some of the main steps in the development of programming and high level languages for instructing machinery to perform according need, ideas, or any form of stated requirements. The main emphasis is on Nordic contributions. The paper leads up to present time with the marked influence of the network and its web technology, a technology offering programming light for millions of computer owners and users. Some concern is raised as to the latest trend of regarding documents and programs as being the same notion.

Key words

Computer programming Nordic history 


  1. [CompHist] Scholar
  2. [Turing]
    “On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem”, Allan Turing, London Mathematical Society, ser. 2. vol. 42 (1936–7), pp.230–265.Google Scholar
  3. [Burks]
    W. Aspray and A. Burks (ed): Papers of John von Neumann on computing and computer theory, Charles Babbage Institute, reprint series for the history of computing, volume 12. The MIT Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, London.Google Scholar
  4. [Holmvik] Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Knut Skog
    • 1
  1. 1.NORUT Information TechnologiesTromsø

Personalised recommendations