The Early Nordic Software Effort

  • Ingemar Dahlstrand
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 174)


Early Nordic cooperation comprised ideas, programs, even computer blueprints and resulted in rapid progress. Regnecentralen contributed importantly in developing Algol 60. Algol for Facit EDB was used at many sites. Further advances were Datasaab’s Algol Genius and the Norwegian Simula project. Regrettably, failure of our compiler companies led to software setbacks. We revisit the Algol debates considering later advances like functional programming. For example, provability of programs depends on recursion and absence of side effects. Computer progress forced cooperation between people from different environments. Too little was done consciously to avoid the ensuing cultural clashes, which impeded progress.

Key words

Software compilers Algol 60 Nordic historical efforts 


In this paper

  1. [1]
    Peter Naur: The European side of the last phase of the development of Algol 60; pp 110–113 in Richard L. Wexelblat (ed.): History of Programming Languages, Academic Press, 1981, ISBN 0-12-745040-8Google Scholar
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    Ingemar Dahlstrand: A half year’s experience of the Facit-Algol 1 compiler; in BIT (Nordisk tidskrift for informationsbehandling), Regnecentralen, Copenhagen, Vol. 2 (1962), pp 137–142.Google Scholar
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    M. Woodger: Comment on a function designator changing the value of a formal variable; Algol Bulletin 11.4, P. Naur (ed.), Regnecentralen, Copenhagen 1960.Google Scholar
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    R. Bird & Ph. Wadler, Introduction to Functional Programming, Prentice Hall, 1988, ISBN 0-13-484197-2Google Scholar

Other books concerning Nordic computer history

  1. [5]
    Poul Sveistrup, Peter Naur, H. B. Hansen, Chr. Gram: Niels Ivar Bech-en epoke i edbudviklingen i Danmark (Niels Ivar Bech-an epoch in the EDP development in Denmark), Copenhagen 1976, ISBN 87-980512-0-2.Google Scholar
  2. [6]
    Jan Annerstedt et al.: Datorer och politik-Studier i en ny tekniks politiska effekter på det svenska samhället (Computers and politics-Studies on the political effects of a new technique on Swedish society); Zenith/Bo Cavefors förlag, 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingemar Dahlstrand

There are no affiliations available

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