The Birth of It in Upper Secondary Education in Norway

  • Steinar Thorvaldsen
  • Jan Wibe
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 174)


The first course in computer science started at “Forsøksgymnaset” (The Experimental High School) in Oslo in 1969. In 1970, it spread to three upper secondary schools (Drammen, Sogndal and Trondheim). The subject was close to mathematics, and the focus was on programming and electronic logic. FORTRAN was the programming language and the programs ran on a large computer, the Univac 1108, located at the technical university (NTH). No relevant subject-related software was available at that time, but the class developed some powerful cases in mathematics and physics. In electronic logic, we used an electronic machine called Benjamin to do binary operations in the classroom. We can call Benjamin the first “processor” in upper secondary education in Norway. In this paper, we will show that many of the long lasting trends in the subject can be observed in the initial period itself

Key words

ICT High School logic simulator Univac Fortran 


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Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steinar Thorvaldsen
    • 1
  • Jan Wibe
    • 2
  1. 1.Section for InformaticsTromsø University CollegeNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway

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