Pathways of Extrapelvic Spread of Disease


Septic Arthritis Necrotizing Fasciitis Subcutaneous Emphysema Spigelian Hernia Piriformis Muscle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gaeta M, Volta S, Minutoli A, et al: Fournier gangrene caused by a perforated retroperitoneal appendix: CT demonstration. AJR 1991; 156:341–342.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meyers MA, Goodman KJ: Pathways of extrapelvic spread of disease: Anatomic-radiologic correlation. AJR 1975; 125:900–909.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Edwards JD, Eckhauser FE: Retroperitoneal perforation of the appendix presenting as subcutaneous emphysema of the thigh. Dis Colon Rectum 1986; 29(7):456–458.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jager GJ, Rijssen HV, Lamers JJH, Subcutaneous emphysema of the lower extremity of abdominal origin. Gastrointest Radiol 1990; 15:253–258.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jager GJ, Joosten F, vo Berkmortel FW, et al: Subcutaneous emphysema of the lower extremity secondary to a perforated esophageal carcinoma. Abdom Imaging 1995; 20:23–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fiss TW Jr, Cigtay OS, Miele AJ, et al: Perforated viscus presenting with gas in the soft tissues (subcutaneous emphysema). AJR 1975; 125:226–233.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Korsten J, Mattey WE, Bastidas J, et al: Subcutaneous emphysema of the thigh secondary to ruptured diverticulum of the ascending colon. Radiology 1973; 106:555–556.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Linscheid RJ, Kelly PJ, Symmonds RE: Emphysematous cellulitis of the hip and thigh resulting from enteric fistula. J Bone Joint Surg 1963; 45:1691–1697.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mzabi R, Himal HS, MacLean LD: Gas gangrene of the extremity: The presenting clinical picture in perforating carcinoma of the caecum. Br J Surg 1975; 62:373–374.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pickels RF, Karmody AM, Tspogas MJ, et al: Subcutaneous emphysema of the lower extremity of gastrointestinal origin: Report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum 1974; 17:82–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oetting HK, Kramer NE, Branch WE: Subcutaneous emphysema of gastrointestinal origin. Am J Med 1955; 19:872–886.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Quigley JP, Brody DA: A physiologic and clinical consideration of pressures developed in the digestive tract. Am J Med 1952; 13:73–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Burt CV: Pneumatic rupture of intestinal canal with experimental data showing mechanism of perforation and pressure required. Arch Surg 1931; 22:875–902.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ainsworth J: Emphysema of the leg following perforation of the pelvic colon or rectum. Br J Radiol 1959; 32:54–55.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Altemeier WA, Alexander JW: Retroperitoneal abscess. Arch Surg 1961; 83:512–524.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shaffer RD: Subcutaneous emphysema of the leg secondary to toothpick ingestion. Arch Surg 1969; 99:542–545.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meshkov SL, Seltzer SE, Finberg HJ: CT detection of intraabdominal disease in patients with lower extremity signs and symptoms. J Comput Assist Tomogr 1982; 6(3):497–501.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Smith HJ, Berk RN, Janes JO, et al: Unusual fistulae due to colonic diverticulitis. Gastrointest Radiol 1978; 2:387–392.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smith WS, Ward RM: Septic arthritis of the hip complicating perforation of abdominal organs. JAMA 1966; 195:170–172.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Abratt RP, Pontin AR, Roman TE, et al: Tumour spread through the obturator foramen. Br J Radiol 1985; 58:673–674.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rao BK, Lange TA, Hafez GR, et al: Extension of recurrent rectal carcinoma through sciatic foramen: Diagnosis by computed tomography. Comp Radiol 1982; 6:193–197.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Raval B, Lakmi N: CT demonstration of preferential routes of the spread of pelvic disease. CRC Diagn Imaging 1987; 27:17–48.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Meyers MA: Acute extraperitoneal infection. Semin Roentgenol 1973; 8:445–464.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meyers MA: Radiologic features of the spread and localization of extraperitoneal gas and their relationship to its source: An anatomical approach. Radiology 1974; 111:17–26.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meyers MA, Whalen JP, Peelle K, et al: Radiologic features of extraperitoneal effusions: An anatomic approach. Radiology 1972; 104:249–257.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Illescas FF, Baker ME, McCann R, et al: CT evaluation of retroperitoneal hemorrhage associated with femoral arteriography. AJR 1986; 146:1289–1292.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Trerotola SO, Kuhlman JE, Fishman EK: Bleeding complications of femoral catheterization: CT evaluation. Radiology 1990; 174:37–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Personalised recommendations