Polar Reactions under Acidic Conditions

  • Robert B. Grossman


Most textbooks do not strongly differentiate polar mechanisms that occur under basic conditions from those that occur under acidic conditions, but the considerations that are brought to bear when drawing polar basic and polar acidic mechanisms are quite different. The typical reagents, the reactive intermediates, and the order of proton transfer steps all differ under acidic conditions from those seen under basic conditions. In this chapter the mechanisms that occur under acidic conditions will be discussed. A lot of time will also be spent discussing carbocations, which are central in these mechanisms.


Acidic Condition Lone Pair Carbonyl Compound Aldol Reaction Leaving Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Grossman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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