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Chlor-Alkali Technologies

  • Thomas F. O’Brien
  • Tilak V. Bommaraju
  • Fumio Hine

Abstract

About 97 % of the chlorine and nearly 100% of the caustic soda in the world are produced electrolytically from sodium chloride, while the rest of the chlorine is manufactured by the electrolysis of KC1, HC1, chlorides of Ti and Mg, and by the chemical oxidation of chlorides [1]. The electrolytic technologies currently used are mercury, diaphragm, and ion-exchange membrane cells. Figures 5.1 and 3.10 show the distribution of these cell technologies in the world and on a regional basis [2]. Mercury cells had a world share of 45% in 1984 and declined to 18% in 2001 because of the health and environmental concerns associated with mercury. However, it is still the leading technology in Europe.

Keywords

Bipolar Cell Bypass Channel Diaphragm Cell Cathode Tube Mercury Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. O’Brien
    • 1
  • Tilak V. Bommaraju
    • 2
  • Fumio Hine
    • 3
  1. 1.Independent Consultant MediaUSA
  2. 2.Independent Consultant Grand IslandNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

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