Advertisement

Introduction

  • Thomas F. O’Brien
  • Tilak V. Bommaraju
  • Fumio Hine

Abstract

The chlor-alkali industry is one of the largest electrochemical operations in the world, the main products being chlorine and sodium hydroxide generated simultaneously by the electrolysis of sodium chloride solutions. The chlor-alkali industry serves the commodity chemical business, chlorine and sodium hydroxide (also called caustic soda) being indispensable intermediates in the chemical industry [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10].

Keywords

Caustic Soda Sodium Aluminate Allyl Chloride Vinyl Chloride Monomer Linear Alkyl Sulfonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Brien, Paper presented at the 1999 World Petrochemical Conference, Houston, TX, March 24–25 (1999).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Linak and Y. Inui CEH Marketing Report: Chlorine/Sodium Hydroxide, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (2002)..Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.S. Sconce (ed), Chlorine: Its Manufacture, Properties and Uses, Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York (1962).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.C. Chen, Process Economics Program Report, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, CA, #61 (1970); #61A (1974); #61B (1978); #61C (1982); #61D (1992).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.W. Scheele, Brusten, eller Magnesia och dess Egenskapen, Kong, Stockholm, Vetenskaps Academiens Handllingen XXXV (1774).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Schmittinger, Chlorine, Principles and Industrial Practice, Wiley-VCH, New York (2000).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. Eidem and L. Lundevall, Chlorine-Glimpses from its History. In T.C. Jeffery, P.A. Danna, and H.S. Holden (eds), Chlorine Bicentennial Symposium, The Electrochemical Society, Princeton, NJ (1974), p. 20.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.B. Van Helmont, De Flatibus in Ortus Medicinae (1668).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Ashworth, Chem. News 4, 169 (1861).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.T. Baldwin, J. Chem. Ed. 4, 454 (1927).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Race, Can. Eng. 23, 255 (1912).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Race, Chlorination of Water, John Wiley, New York (1918).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.O. Meadows, Eng. News 65, 80 (1911).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.T. Conroy, Trans. Amer. Electrochem. Soc. 49, 209 (1929).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V.R. Kokatura, Chem. Mat. Eng. 19, 667 (1918).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    The Global Chlor-alkali Industry—Strategic Implications and Impacts; Final Report, Volume IV/Product Trees, SRI International Multi-client Project #2437 (1993).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.E. Shamel, Consulting Resources Corp., Personal communication (2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. O’Brien
    • 1
  • Tilak V. Bommaraju
    • 2
  • Fumio Hine
    • 3
  1. 1.Independent Consultant MediaUSA
  2. 2.Independent Consultant Grand IslandNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Nagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations