Advertisement

Origin and Outcome of Macular Edema in Behçet’s Disease

  • H. Chams
  • A. Lashei
  • A. Sadeghi-Tari
  • R. Karkhaneh
  • F. Davatchi
  • F. Shahram
  • C. Chams
  • A. Abazari
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 528)

Conclusion

In our patients with ocular Behçet’s disease, retinal vasculitis was the cause of macular edema. Long standing macular edema can provoke considerable reduction of vision and non-reversible lesions such as macular degeneration.

In most cases macular edema persisted despite our severe medical treatments. Other interventions should be undertaken to prevent chronic macular edema and its consequences.

Keywords

Macular Edema Macular Degeneration Fluorescein Angiography Optic Atrophy Cystoid Macular Edema 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Tessler, H.H., 1980, Uveitis. In: Principles and practice of ophthalmology. (G.A. Peyman, D.R. Sanders, and M.F. Goldberg, eds.), 1st ed., vol. 2, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 1554–1632.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chams, H., Shahram, F., Davatchi, F., et al., 1998, Vasculitis in ocular lesions of Behçet’s disease. Impact an outcome. In Abstract Book, International Congress of Behçet’s disease. Reggio Emillia, Italy, p. 203.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gass, J.D.M., and Norton, E.D.W., 1966, Cystoid macular edema and papilledema following cataract extraction. Arch. Ophthalmol. 76: 646–661.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gass, J.D.M., and Norton, E.D.W., 1966, Fluorescein studies of patients with macular edema and papilledema following cataract extraction. Trans. Am. Ophthalmol. Soc. 64: 232–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Behçet’s Disease Research Committee of Japan, 1974, Jpn. J. Ophthalmol. 18: 291–294.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    International Study Group for Behçet’s Disease, 1990, Criteria for diagnosis of Behçet’s disease. Lancet 335: 1078–1080.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jennings, T., Rusin, M.M., Tessler, H.H., et al., 1988, Posterior sub-tenon’s injections of corticosteroids in uveitis patients with cystoid macular edema. Jpn. J. Ophthalmol. 32: 385–391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cox, S.N., Hay, E., and Bird, A.C., 1988, Treatment of chronic macular edema with acetazolamide. Arch. Ophthalmol. 106: 1190–1195.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Farber, M.D., Lam, S., Tessler, H.H., et al., 1994, Reduction of macular edema by acetazolamide in patients with chronic iridocyclitis: A randomized prospective crossover study. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 78: 4–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Whitcup, S.M., Csaky, K.G., Podgor, M.J., et al., 1996, A randomized masked, crossover trial of acetazolamide for cystoid macular edema in patients with uveitis. Ophthalmology 103: 1054–1063.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lashay, A.R., Rahimi, A., Chams, H., et al., 2000, Evaluation of the effects of acetazolamide in cystoid macular edema in patients with Behçet’s disease. In: Behçet’s disease (D. Bang, E.-S. Lee, and S. Lee, eds.), Design Mecca Publishing, Seoul, pp. 405–407.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Diamond. J.G., and Kaplan, H.J., 1978, Lensectomy and vitrectomy for complicated cataract secondary to uveitis. Arch. Ophthalmol. 96: 1798–1804.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mieler, W.F., Will, B.R., Lewis, H., et al., 1988, Vitrectomy in the management of peripheral uveitis. Ophthalmology 95: 859–864.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Foster, C.S., 1988, Vitrectomy in the management of uveitis. Ophthalmology 95: 1011–1012.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bacskulin, A., and Eckardt, C., 1993, Ergebnisse der Pars plana-Vitrektomie bei chronischer Uveitis im Kindersalter. Ophthalmologe 90: 434–439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kirvu, J., Kita, M., Tanabe, T., et al., 2001, Pars plana vitrectomy for cystoid macular edema secondary to sarcoid uveitis. Ophthalmology 108: 1140–1144.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Chams
    • 1
  • A. Lashei
    • 1
  • A. Sadeghi-Tari
    • 1
  • R. Karkhaneh
    • 1
  • F. Davatchi
    • 1
  • F. Shahram
    • 1
  • C. Chams
    • 1
  • A. Abazari
    • 1
  1. 1.Behcet’s Research Center (BRC), Shariati Hospital, Farabil ye HospitalTehran University for Medical ScieneesTehranIran

Personalised recommendations