Advertisement

Prevalence of Behçet’s Disease among Iraqis

  • Z.S. Al-Rawi
  • A.H. Neda
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 528)

Conclusion

The estimated prevalence of 1.7 BD patients for 10,000 Iraqi population is more or less similar to the prevalence in other Mediterranean and Far East countries, excluding Turkey.

The presence of recurrent mouth ulcers is a high predictor for developing BD among Iraqis compared to European individuals.

Keywords

Food Ration Genital Ulcer Mouth Ulcer Pathergy Test European Individual 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lie, J.T., 1992, Vascular involvement in Behçet’s disease arterial and venous and vessels of all sizes. J. Rheumatol. 19: 341–343.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Valent, R.M., Hall, S., O’Duffy, J.D., et al., 1997, Vasculitis and related disorder. In: Text Book of Rheumatology (W.N. Kelley, E.D. Harris, S. Ruddy, and C.B. Sledge, eds.), 5th ed., W B Saunders, Philadelphia, band II, pp. 1114–1117.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O’Duffy, J.D., 1997, Behçet’s disease. In: Primer on the Rheumatic Disease (J.H. Klippel, ed.), 11th ed, Arthritis Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 307–308.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, S.K., and Lee, J., 1997, Behçet’s disease — A rheumatologic perspective, Yonsei Med. J. 38: 395–400.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davatchi, F., and Shahram, F., 2000, Epidemiology of Behçet’s disease in Middle East and Asia. In: Behçet’s Disease (D. Bang, E.-S. Lee, and S. Lee, eds.), Design Mecca Publishing, Seoul, pp. 581–583.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zouboulis, Ch.C., Kötter, I., Djawari, D., et al., 1997, Epidemiological feature of Adamantiades-Behçet’s disease in Germany and in Europe. Yonsei Med. J. 38: 1171–1176.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    International Study Group for Behçet’s disease, 1990, Criteria for diagnosis of Behçet’s diease, Lancet 335: 1078–1080.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nakae, K.., Masaki, F., Hashimoto, T., et al., 1993, Recent epidemiological features of Behçet’s disease in Japan. In: Behçet’s disease (B. Wechsler, and P. Godeau, eds.), Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp. 145–151.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yurdakul, S., Gunaydin, I., and Tuzun, Y., 1988, The prevalence of Behçet’s syndrome in rural area in Northern Turkey. J. Rheumatol. 15: 20–22.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Al-Rawi, Z.S., Sharquie, K.E., Khelifa, S.J. et al., 1986, Bchcets disease in Iraqi patients. Ann Rheum Dis., 45: 987–90.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Al-Dalaan, A.N., Al-Balaa, S., El-Ramahi, K., et al., 1989, Behçet’s disease in Saudi Arabia. Ann. Saudi Med. 9: 353–359.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yazici, H., Chamberlain, M.A., Tuzun, Y., et al., 1984, A comparative study of the pathergy reaction among Turkish and British patients with Behçet’s disease, Ann. Rheum. Dis. 43: 74–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sircus, W., Church, R., and Kelleher, J., 1957, Recurrent ulceration of the mouth. Q. J. Med. 26: 235–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z.S. Al-Rawi
    • 1
  • A.H. Neda
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of MedicineUniversity of BaghdadBaghdadIraq

Personalised recommendations