HLA Typing for Class I and Class II Antigens in Iraqi Patients with Behçet’s Disease (Sporadic and Familial Cases)

  • Ikbal Kh. Al-Joofy
  • Raad K. Muslih
  • Khalida M. Mousawy
  • Makram M. Al-Waiz
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 528)


For the first time, the genetic background, which plays a crucial role in the susceptibility of this disease, has been studied in details in Iraq. The major role of the genetic background is supported by the increased occurrence of BD among relatives. There was markedly increased frequency of B51(5), DR2, DQ3 in both sporadic and familial cases of BD. It is of interest in this population study, that the haplotype, which may play crucial role in the susceptibility of BD is A9-B51(5)-CW1-DR2-DQ3, whereas A2, A28, B35, DR12, DQ4 phenotypes decrease the risk of developing BD. HLA DR1 and DQ1 could be considered genetic markers for aetiopathogenesis of the patient control group (ROU).


Heat Shock Protein Familial Case Matched Control Group Patient Control Group Arab Patient 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ikbal Kh. Al-Joofy
    • 2
  • Raad K. Muslih
    • 3
  • Khalida M. Mousawy
    • 1
  • Makram M. Al-Waiz
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and VenereologyBaghdad UniversityBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.Department of Biology, College of ScienceAl-Mustanstansiriyah UniversityBaghdadIraq
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, College of ScienceAl-Mustanstansiriyah UniversityBaghdadIraq
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, College of MedicineBaghdad UniversityBaghdadIraq

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