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Regulation of Expression of Nuclear Genes Encoding Polypeptides Required for the Light Reactions of Photosynthesis

  • John C. Gray
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 4)

Summary

Nuclear genes encode approximately half of the 60 or so different polypeptides involved in the light reactions of photosynthesis in higher plants. cDNAs encoding 31 different components of Photosystem II, Photosystem I, the cytochrome bf complex and the electron transfer chain, and ATP synthase have been isolated and their characterization has provided important structural information about the proteins. In all cases, the cDNAs encode larger precursor proteins with N-terminal presequences containing chloroplast-targeting information. Genomic clones have been isolated for a majority of these polypeptides and promoter analysis has defined cis-elements and trans-acting factors involved in light regulation, tissue specificity and circadian rhythmicity of gene expression. Coordination of expression of genes in the nuclear and chloroplast genomes is achieved at least in part by the control ofnuclear gene expression by a ‘plastidic factor’ produced by functional chloroplasts.

Abbreviations

A0–the first electron acceptor in the Photosystem I complex A1–the second electron in the Photosystem I complex FA–iron-sulfur center A FB–iron-sulfur center B FX–iron-sulfur center X 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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