Advertisement

The Role of Mental Health Professionals in Responding to Employment Needs

  • Joseph Walsh
  • Margaret S. Walsh
Part of the Plenum Series in Rehablititation and Health book series (SSRH)

Summary

Mental health professionals are rarely experts in vocational rehabilitation, although they likely invest considerable effort in addressing the work and employment issues recipients bring to sessions. With their attention to broad psychological and social aspects of behavior, they can bring much to the process of helping recipients coping with serious mental health challenges secure worthwhile employment. Mental health professionals can support the work of the vocational counselor, integrate vocational experiences into the case management or treatment process, and assist recipients adjust to the realities of employment and help them address the consequences of going to work. Mental health professionals must be collaborative team members in all of these processes, understanding the nature and boundaries of their work and role as well as appreciating the contributions others make to the vocational development of recipients.

Keywords

Mental Illness Mental Health Professional Severe Mental Illness Vocational Rehabilitation Interpersonal Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alverson, H., Alverson, M., Drake, R. E., & Becker, D. R. (1998). Social correlates of competitive employment among people with severe mental illness. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 22(1), 34–40.Google Scholar
  2. Bentley, K. J., & Walsh, J. (1996). The social worker and psychotropic medication: Toward effective collaboration with mental health clients, families, and providers. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  3. Blankertz, L., & Keller, C. (1997). The provision of long-term vocational supports for individuals with severe mental illness. Continuum, 4(1), 51–63.Google Scholar
  4. Blankertz, L., & Robinson, S. (1996). Adding a vocational focus to mental health rehabilitation. Psychiatric Services, 47(11), 1216–1222.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bloom, J. (1990). The relationship between social support and health. Social Science and Medicine, 30, 635–637.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bond, G. R., Dietzen, L. L., McGrew, J. H., & Miller, L. D. (1995). Accelerating entry into supported employment for persons with severe psychiatric disabilities. Rehabilitation Psychology, 40(2), 75–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Braitman, A., Counts, P., Avenport, R., Zurlinden, B., Rogers, M., Clauss, J., Kulkami, A., Kymla, J., & Montgomery, L. (1995). Comparison of barriers to employment in unemployed and employed clients in a case management program: An exploratory study. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 19(1), 3–8.Google Scholar
  8. Bybee, D., Mowbray, C. T., & McCrohan, N. (1996). Towards zero exclusion in vocational opportunities for persons with psychiatric disabilities: Predictors of service receipt in a hybrid vocational/case management program. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 19(4), 15–27.Google Scholar
  9. Caplan, G. (1990). Loss, stress, and mental health. Community Mental Health Journal, 26(1), 27–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davis, L. V. (1996). Role theory and social work treatment. In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment (4th ed., pp. 581–600). New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  11. Davis, M., Eshelman, E. R., & McKay, M. (1988). The relaxation and stress workbook (3rd ed.). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.Google Scholar
  12. Diamond, H. (1998). Vocational decision making in a psychiatric outpatient program. Occupational therapy in mental health, 14(3), 67–80.Google Scholar
  13. Donegan, K. R. (1999). Youth with serious emotional disturbances (SED) and the transition to work. Employment of people with psychiatric disabilities, 1–27.Google Scholar
  14. Fischer, J. (1978). Effective casework practice: An eclectic approach. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  15. Frank, J. D., & Frank, J. B. (1993). Persuasion and healing: A comparative study of psychotherapy (3rd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Frankl, V. E. (1988). The will to meaning: Foundations and applications of logotherapy. New York, NY: Meridian.Google Scholar
  17. Garson, S. (1986). Out of our minds. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus.Google Scholar
  18. Gerhart, U. C. (1990). Caring for the chronic mentally ill. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock.Google Scholar
  19. Germain, C. B., & Gitterman, A. (1996). The life model of social work practice: Advances in theory and practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Goldstein, E. G., & Noonan, M. (1999). Short-term treatment and social work practice: An integrative perspective. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  21. Granvold, D. K. (1994). Concepts and methods of cognitive treatment. In D. K. Granvold (Ed.), Cognitive and behavioral treatment: Methods and applications (pp. 3–31). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  22. Hatfield, A. B. (1990). Family education in mental illness. New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  23. Hepworth, D., Rooney, R., & Larsen, J. (2002). Direct social work practice: Theory and skills (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  24. Hobfoll, S., Freedy, R., Lane, C., & Geller, P. (1990). Conservation of social resources: Social support resource theory. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 465–478.Google Scholar
  25. Hoffman, H., & Kupper, Z. (1996). Patient dynamics in early stages of vocational rehabilitation: A pilot study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 37(3), 216–221.Google Scholar
  26. Horvath, A. O. (1994). Research on the alliance. In A. O. Horvath & L. S. Greenberg (Eds.), The working alliance: Theory, research and practice (pp. 259–286). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  27. Kanter, J. (1989). Clinical case management: Definition, principles, components. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 40, 361–368.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Krill, D. F. (1996). Existential social work. In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment (4th ed., pp. 250–281). New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  29. Lantz, J., & Belcher, J. (1988). Schizophrenia and the existential vacuum. International Forum for Logotherapy, 11(1), 16–21.Google Scholar
  30. Lefley, H. P. (1996). Family caregiving in mental illness. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  31. Maluccio, A. N. (1979). Learning from clients. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  32. Marrone, J., Balzell, A., & Gold, M. (1995). Employment supports for people with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 46(7), 707–711.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. May, R., & Yalom, I. (1995). Existential psychotherapy. In R. J. Corsini & D. Wedding (Eds.), Current psychotherapies (5th ed., pp. 262–292). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock.Google Scholar
  34. Mermier, M. B. (1993). Coping with severe mental illness: Families speak out. Lewiston, ID: Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  35. Mowbray, C. T., Bybee, D., Harris, S. A., & McCrohan, N. (1995). Predictors of work status and future work orientation in people with a psychiatric disability. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 19(2), 15–28.Google Scholar
  36. Okpaku, S. O., Anderson, K. H., Sibulkin, A. E., Butler, J. S., & Bickman, L. (1997). The effectiveness of a multidisciplinary case management intervention on the employment of SSA applicants and beneficiaries. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 20(3), 34–41.Google Scholar
  37. Pernell-Arnold, A., & Granger, B. (1999). Culturally competent employment services for people with psychiatric disabilities. In L. L. Mancuso & J. D. Kotler (Eds.), Employment for people with psychiatric disabilities (pp. 89–112). Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors.Google Scholar
  38. Ramon, S. (1989–1990). The relevance of symbolic interactionism perspectives to the conceptual and practice construction of leaving a psychiatric hospital. Social Work and Social Sciences Review, 1(3), 163–176.Google Scholar
  39. Regenold, M., Sherman, M. F., & Fenzel, M. (1999). Getting back to work: Self-efficacy as a predictor of employment outcome. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 22(4), 361–367.Google Scholar
  40. Ridgway, P., & Rapp, C. Active ingredients in achieving competitive employment for people with psychiatric disabilities: A research synthesis. In L. L. Mancuso & J. D. Kotler (Eds.), Employment for people with psychiatric disabilities (pp. 61–88). Alexandria. VA: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors.Google Scholar
  41. Roessler, R. T., & Rubin, S. E. (1992). Case management and rehabilitation counseling: Procedures and techniques (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.Google Scholar
  42. Rouse, T. P. (1996). Conditions for successful status elevation ceremony. Deviant Behavior, 17(1), 21–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Scheff, T. J. (1984). Being mentally ill: A sociological theory (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Aldine.Google Scholar
  44. Sexton, T. L., & Whiston, S. C. (1994). The status of the counseling relationship: An empirical review, theoretical implications, and research direction. The Counseling Psychologist, 22(1), 6–78.Google Scholar
  45. Shannon, C. (1994). Stress management. In D. K. Granvold (Ed.), Cognitive and behavioral treatment: Methods and applications (pp. 339–352). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  46. Thomlinson, R. J. (1984). Something works: Evidence from practice effectiveness studies. Social Work, 29, 51–57.Google Scholar
  47. Torrey, W. C., Bebout, R., Kline, J., Becher, D. R., Alverson, M., & Drake, R. E. (1990). Practice guidelines for clinicians working in programs providing integrated vocational and clinical services for persons with severe mental disorders. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 21(4), 388–393.Google Scholar
  48. Walsh, J. (1994). The social networks of seriously mentally ill persons receiving case management services. Journal of Case Management, 3, 27–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Wolf, J. (1997). Client needs and quality of life. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 20(4), 16–24.Google Scholar
  50. Yalom, I. D. (1980). Existential psychotherapy. New York, NY: Basic.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Walsh
    • 1
  • Margaret S. Walsh
    • 2
  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth University School of Social WorkRichmond
  2. 2.Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse ServicesRichmond

Personalised recommendations