• S. M. Mahbubur RahmanEmail author
  • Tamanna Howlader
  • Dimitrios Hatzinakos
Part of the Cognitive Intelligence and Robotics book series (CIR)


We live in a world that is built upon patterns. What is a pattern? The Oxford dictionary defines a pattern as a repeated decorative design. In the language of pattern recognition, however, a pattern has been described as an entity that could be given a name [36]. Thus, the bird, boat, buildings, and people that we see in Fig. 1.1 are all examples of patterns. Recognizing patterns in the environment is one of the fundamental signs of intelligent behavior.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Mahbubur Rahman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tamanna Howlader
    • 2
  • Dimitrios Hatzinakos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Institute of Statistical Research and TrainingUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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