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Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Its Potential Applications

  • Chethana Mudenur
  • Kona Mondal
  • Urvashi Singh
  • Vimal KatiyarEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)

Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are the emerging and sustainable biopolymers because of its biocompatibility, non-toxicity, and biological origin. There are many existing carbon sources which are inexpensive and readily available in nature; these include the waste organic acids, carbohydrates, fats, sugars, and oils. This chapter focuses on the use of all above-mentioned sources along with the agricultural waste residues such as lignocellulosic biomass and its pretreatment technologies for the efficient utilization of waste sources for the production of PHAs with maximum production yields. Further, the chapter discusses the effect of different fermentation processes like batch, fed-batch, and continuous processes on the yield of PHAs and the use of the mixed cultures in the specific processes. The major content of this chapter focuses on the applications of PHAs on articular cartilage repair, cardiovascular patch grafting, meniscus repair devices, molded products such as disposable needles, syringes, sutures, surgical gloves, gowns, and also the detailed study on the packaging applications. Therefore, the chapter discusses the different techniques and processes for the development and applications of PHA-based bioplastic with a view to develop the biocompatible and degradable medical aids and the biodegradable food packaging using sustainable and eco-friendly bioplastics for the sustainable future environment.

Keywords

Lignocellulose Biodegradable polymers Polyhydroxyalkanoates Food packaging 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chethana Mudenur
    • 1
  • Kona Mondal
    • 1
  • Urvashi Singh
    • 1
  • Vimal Katiyar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiNorth GuwahatiIndia

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