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Mycorrhiza in Sustainable Crop Production

  • S. P. Singh
  • M. K. SinghEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Sustainable crop production is a complex issue, and available evidences suggest that mycorrhizal association with crop plants confers yield stability. We present a schematic flow diagram to outline practices that lead unsustainability or sustainability in the crop production. We critically discussed the issue of sustainability and the role of mycorrhiza in crop production. Conventional practices are posing threat to the biological processes and agroecosystem. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi form symbiotic associations with wide range of agricultural crops. Management options should address primary constraints to achieve desired success. This chapter reviews the effect of various management options like tillage, soil biodiversity and fertility management, crops and cropping sequences, irrigation and agroforestry systems on the abundance and diversity of the AM fungi and the plant response. Proper understanding of mutualistic association between arbuscular mycorrhizae and plant roots needed to exploit potential benefits. Long-term studies under diverse field conditions were required to know complex interactions that occur in the mycorrhizosphere and to harness potential benefits from mycorrhizal inoculation.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Sustainability Tillage, soil biodiversity Soil fertility Crops and cropping sequences Agroforestry 

Abbreviations

Al

Aluminium

AMF

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Ca

Calcium

Cu

Copper

Fe

Iron

K

Potassium

Mg

Magnesium

Mn

Manganese

N

Nitrogen

NO3

Nitrate

P

Phosphorous

PGPR

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria

S

Sulphur

Zn

Zinc

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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