Integrated Pest and Disease Management for Better Agronomic Crop Production

  • Samiya Mahmood KhanEmail author
  • Sajid Ali
  • Aamir Nawaz
  • Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari
  • Shaghef Ejaz
  • Shakeel Ahmad


The disease and pest infestation is considered as one of the major constraints in better agronomic crop production for attaining anticipated yield to cater food security in the world. As agronomic crops (particularly cereals and pulses) are the leading sources of food in the world, management of their catastrophic pests and diseases needs special emphasis. At present, pests and diseases of agronomic crops are managed by various chemical control measures by using pesticides and fungicides. However, the disquiets regarding agronomic sustainability have instigated a wide and comprehensive utilization of integrated pest and disease management approaches. The said program is considered as an ecologically safer tactic for the control of various dreadful pests and diseases. Integration of approaches is aimed at reducing the health and ecological damages in response to chemicals by adopting certain cultural, mechanical, and biocontrol measures to manage various pests and diseases. However, efficacy of the control measure generally depends upon their effective utilization. Several cultural control measures such as cover crops, intercropping, trap crops, tillage practices, and planting time can reduce population of pests and disease severity but are not viable commercially under field conditions. Similarly, applicability of the biocontrol agents and plant extracts at large scale is also questionable. However, their efficacy may be increased by combination of other methods such as integrated use of the said cultural practices with reduced chemical applications. Therefore, in order to ensure better control and ecological sustainability, it is suggested that use of chemicals should be minimized by adopting integrated management strategies of pests and diseases.


Agronomic crops Biological control Biofabricated nanoparticles Deleterious pests Food security 



area under leaf rust progress curve


biophysical model applications


cotton leaf curl


cotton leaf curl virus


clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat


deoxyribonucleic acid


genetically modified organism


indolebutyric acid


jasmonic acids


plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria


plant growth regulators


salicylic acid


polyphenol oxidase




polymerase chain reaction


quantitative trait locus


RNA interference




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samiya Mahmood Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sajid Ali
    • 2
  • Aamir Nawaz
    • 2
  • Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari
    • 3
  • Shaghef Ejaz
    • 2
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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