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Organic Manuring for Agronomic Crops

  • Qasim Ali
  • Sana Ashraf
  • Muhammad Kamran
  • Muhammad IjazEmail author
  • Abdul Rehman
  • Muhammad Tahir
  • Shakeel Ahmad
Chapter

Abstract

Organic farming is emerging as a popular way of growing healthy, safe, and nutritious food worldwide in a long-term sustainable way that cut the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals being used globally on the cost of environmental health and safety. Nevertheless, the growing population of the world requires increased food production for that use of chemical fertilizers become inevitable. However, there might be opportunities in some crops where organic fertilizers can be encouraged to get enough food production. Keeping in view the importance of organic farming, this chapter covers the current scenario of organic farming in Pakistan and the world and its importance and effects on quality of foods and soil sustainability. Different types of amendments that can be used under organic farming system are examined and compared. Shifting toward the organic farming system is encouraged by describing its benefits with reference to plant, soil, and human health. As agronomic crops are too important in providing raw materials for food, clothes, and shelter, impact of organic farming system on quality and quantity of agronomic crops is addressed in the chapter.

Keywords

Organic manuring Agronomic crops Farm yard manure Compost Organic agriculture Carbon sequestration 

Abbreviations

CEC

Cation exchange capacity

DAS

Days after sowing

FAI

Fertilizer Association of India

FYM

Farm yard manure

GMOs

Genetically modified organisms

INM

Integrated nutrient management

Mha

Million hectare

N

Nitrogen

NAAS

National Academy of Agricultural Sciences

OARDF

Organic Agriculture and Rural Development Foundation

PGS

Participatory Guarantee Systems

USA

United States of America

WTO

World Trade Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qasim Ali
    • 1
  • Sana Ashraf
    • 2
  • Muhammad Kamran
    • 3
  • Muhammad Ijaz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Rehman
    • 1
  • Muhammad Tahir
    • 4
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 5
  1. 1.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityLayyahPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Agronomy, University College of AgricultureUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  4. 4.Departments of Environmental SciencesCOMSATS Vehari CampusVehariPakistan
  5. 5.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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