Conclusion: War Legacy and New Strategic Concerns
Mao judged China’s intervention a victory because it saved North Korea, shaped China’s relations with the Soviet Union, and secured China’s northeastern border by preventing North Korea from being conquered or controlled by America. Chinese military involvements in Korea had promoted the CCP’s international status and projected a powerful image of China as the vanguard of the communist countries against the United States. Peng stated that the Korean War began the transformation of the Chinese military into a modern force. Meanwhile, Mao converted China into a single-party communist state, nationalized industry and business under state ownership, and carried out socialist reforms in all areas of the Chinese society. Even if forgotten in America, the war in Korea is by no means forgotten in China.