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Plant-Microbe-Soil Interactions for Reclamation of Degraded Soils: Potential and Challenges

  • Neha Upadhyay
  • Kanchan Vishwakarma
  • Jaspreet Singh
  • Rishi Kumar Verma
  • Ved Prakash
  • Shruti Jain
  • Vivek Kumar
  • Radha Rani
  • Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
  • Shivesh SharmaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 9)

Abstract

Increasing rate of industrialization has been dramatically causing elevated release of chemicals such as heavy metals, pesticides, hydrocarbons and dyes into the environment leading to degradation of soil. However, soil microorganisms and plants have the potential to survive in polluted soils and aid in the process of soil reclamation. The responses of plant and soil microbial community are cooperative towards environmental stress and contamination. The rhizospheric microorganisms reside in rhizosphere of plants and compete with plants for their survival and in return, their unified interactions display a critical role in acclimatizing to the stressed environment, eventually explored to enhance phytoremediation processes. The plant-microbe-soil interactions are important for increasing soil fertility both in the healthy and degraded soil ecosystems. Nevertheless, the concept of plant-microbe-soil interactions in healthy soil system is required to be studied in degraded soils for their efficient reclamation. The current review aims to study the prospects of plant-microbe-soil interactions for reclamation of degraded soil ecosystems. In addition, the various causes behind soil degradation and different remediation techniques will be highlighted. The importance of plant-soil interactions for reclamation of degraded soils could be explored further for restoration of various contaminated environments.

Keywords

Heavy metals Soil degradation Soil reclamation Plant-microbe-soil interactions 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to Director, MNNIT Allahabad, Prayagraj for providing necessary research facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neha Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Kanchan Vishwakarma
    • 1
  • Jaspreet Singh
    • 1
  • Rishi Kumar Verma
    • 1
  • Ved Prakash
    • 1
  • Shruti Jain
    • 1
  • Vivek Kumar
    • 2
  • Radha Rani
    • 1
  • Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
    • 3
  • Shivesh Sharma
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyMotilal Nehru National Institute of Technology AllahabadPrayagrajIndia
  2. 2.Himalayan School of BiosciencesSwami Rama Himalayan UniversityDehradunIndia
  3. 3.Amity Institute of Organic AgricultureAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

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