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Strengthening Management of Environmental Problems Affecting Health

  • Bin Li
  • Xiaowei Ma
  • Yonghui Yu
  • Guodong Wang
  • Ning Zhuang
  • Hongyan Liu
  • Haidong Wu
  • Huanbo Zhang
  • Fang Yu
  • Yan Hou
  • Ming Xue
  • Quan Wan
  • Zhongfan Wang
  • Minquan Liu
  • Gangqiang Su
  • Chuanqi He
  • Yuhui Zhang
  • Qingyue Meng
  • Fu Gao
  • Jigang Wei
  • Yunping Wang
  • Weifu Wang
  • Yunan Liu
  • Tie Li
  • Qichao Song
  • Yanqing Miao
  • Kun Zhao
  • Zhenwei Guo
  • Yuxun Wang
  • Hongpeng Fu
  • Guoyong Liu
  • Baofeng Yang
  • Guangpeng Zhang
  • Yujun JinEmail author
  • Xiaoning Hao
  • Huili Cao
  • Xiufeng Wang
  • Tao Dai
  • Hongzhi Liu
  • Hongwei Yang
  • Boli Zhang
  • Maigeng Zhou
  • Angang Hu
  • Wei Fu
Chapter
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

The CPC central committee and the State Council have attached great importance to environmental protection by putting it in the main position and making it the main force of ecological civilization construction and the core content of building a beautiful China, realizing a sustainable development, introducing an overall plan for the reform of the ecological civilization system, implementing the action plan for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution, and vigorously strengthening environment and health work. In 2015, the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in 338 prefecture-level and above cities was 50 μg/m3; the proportion of the 1940 state-controlled sections of class I–III surface water increased to 66%; the proportion of worse V fell to 9.7%; the quality of the main streams in major rivers was obviously improved. The capacities of national desulfurization and denitrification units, accounting for the total installed capacity of coal power, increased to 99% and 92% respectively, which completed the ultra-low emission transformation of 160 million kilowatts of coal-fired power units. The comprehensive environment improvement in 72,000 villages has been implemented, directly benefiting more than 120 million rural people. A number of major ecological conservation and rehabilitation projects have been carried out steadily, including natural forest protection, returning farmland into forest and grass, and grazing land into grassland, shelter forest system construction, protection and restoration of lakes and wetlands, desertification control, water and soil conservation, desertification management, wildlife protection and nature reserve construction. Pollutant emissions of the five heavy metals of lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium and arsenic have fallen 27.7% since 2007, and the number of sudden environment incidents involving heavy metals has been greatly reduced. In order to solve the environmental problems that harm people’s health, the Environment Protection Law and the series of environmental management documents clearly put forward the requirements for strengthening environment and health management, which provide legal and policy basis for the establishment and the improvement of environment and health management systems, organization and the implementation of environment and health surveys, monitoring and risk assessment.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin Li
    • 1
  • Xiaowei Ma
    • 2
  • Yonghui Yu
    • 3
  • Guodong Wang
    • 4
  • Ning Zhuang
    • 5
  • Hongyan Liu
    • 6
  • Haidong Wu
    • 7
  • Huanbo Zhang
    • 3
  • Fang Yu
    • 3
  • Yan Hou
    • 8
  • Ming Xue
    • 9
  • Quan Wan
    • 10
  • Zhongfan Wang
    • 3
  • Minquan Liu
    • 11
  • Gangqiang Su
    • 12
  • Chuanqi He
    • 13
  • Yuhui Zhang
    • 10
  • Qingyue Meng
    • 14
  • Fu Gao
    • 15
  • Jigang Wei
    • 16
  • Yunping Wang
    • 10
  • Weifu Wang
    • 17
  • Yunan Liu
    • 18
  • Tie Li
    • 19
  • Qichao Song
    • 20
  • Yanqing Miao
    • 10
  • Kun Zhao
    • 10
  • Zhenwei Guo
    • 8
  • Yuxun Wang
    • 8
  • Hongpeng Fu
    • 10
  • Guoyong Liu
    • 21
  • Baofeng Yang
    • 22
  • Guangpeng Zhang
    • 10
  • Yujun Jin
    • 23
    Email author
  • Xiaoning Hao
    • 10
  • Huili Cao
    • 3
  • Xiufeng Wang
    • 10
  • Tao Dai
    • 24
  • Hongzhi Liu
    • 25
  • Hongwei Yang
    • 26
  • Boli Zhang
    • 27
  • Maigeng Zhou
    • 28
  • Angang Hu
    • 29
  • Wei Fu
    • 10
  1. 1.The National Committee of Chinese People’s Political Consultative ConferenceBeijingChina
  2. 2.The National Health Commission of People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingChina
  3. 3.The National Health Commission (Temporary Employee)BeijingChina
  4. 4.National Healthcare Security AdministrationBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Healthcare Reform of the National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  6. 6.China Population and Development Research CenterBeijingChina
  7. 7.Department of Consumer Goods, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingChina
  8. 8.The Former Department of Planning and Information of the National Health and Family Planning CommissionBeijingChina
  9. 9.Center for Health Statistics and Information, The National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  10. 10.Health Development Research Center of the National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  11. 11.Center for Human and Economic Development Studies, Peking UniversityBeijingChina
  12. 12.Department of Planning and Finance, National Administration of Traditional Chinese MedicineBeijingChina
  13. 13.China Center for Modernization Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  14. 14.School of Public Health, Peking UniversityBeijingChina
  15. 15.Chinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina
  16. 16.Development Research Center of the State CouncilBeijingChina
  17. 17.Bureau of Disease Prevention and Control, The National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  18. 18.Department of National Economy of the National Development and Reform CommissionBeijingChina
  19. 19.China Center for Urban DevelopmentBeijingChina
  20. 20.Department of Social Security of the Ministry of FinanceBeijingChina
  21. 21.Department of Mass Sports, General Administration of Sports of ChinaBeijingChina
  22. 22.Chinese Academy of Engineering (Academician under the Category of Pharmacy and Medicine)BeijingChina
  23. 23.Department of Planning and Information, The National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  24. 24.Pharmaceutical Technology Development and Research Center of the National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  25. 25.Department of Technical Standards, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingChina
  26. 26.Health Development Research Center, The National Health CommissionBeijingChina
  27. 27.China Academy of Chinese Medical SciencesBeijingChina
  28. 28.National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, China CDCBeijingChina
  29. 29.Institute for Contemporary China Studies of Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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