Unsustainable Management of Plastic Wastes in India: A Threat to Global Warming and Climate Change

  • Amit Vishwakarma


First rural to urbanization and now urbanization to smart cities, sign of development also raises some issue of unsustainable approaches of solid wastes and its impact on our ecosystem. The unsustainable solid waste management approaches have adverse impacts on ecosystem and human health. Over 90% of waste were directly thrown in open ground and burned incompletely in low-income countries, and in 2016, 5% of global emissions were generated from solid waste, excluding transportation (World bank, What a waste: an updated look into the future of solid waste management. Accessed on 10 Apr 2019, 2018). Major part of plastics become a waste on landfill and will take a rest for infinite time. Our ecosystem consumes microplastics and becomes sick. Disintegration of plastics actually gives off powerful greenhouse gases, contributing to climate change. Carbon dioxide and methane are well-known greenhouse gases contributing to global warming effect and also responsible for climate change up to some extent.


Microplastic Plastic wastes Solid wastes Climate change Unsustainable approaches of solid waste 


  1. Adrian Strungaru S, Jijie R, Nicoara M, Plavan G (2018) Micro-(nano) plastics in freshwater ecosystems: abundance, toxicological impact and quantification methodology. Trends Anal Chem 110:116–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arceivala SJ (2010) Green technologies for a better future. Tata McGraw Hill education. ISBN: 978-1-25-906373-2; 1-258Google Scholar
  3. Banerjee T, Shrivastava RK, Hung Yung-Tse (2012) Plastics waste management in India: an integrated solid waste management approach. In: Handbook of environmental and waste management, vol 2. ISBN:978-981-4449-16-8Google Scholar
  4. Bejgarn S, Macleod M, Bogdal C, Breitholtz M (2015) Toxicity of leachate from weathering plastics: an exploratory screening study with Nitocra Spinipes. Chemosphere 132:114–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chhetri AB, Islam MR (2007) Reversing global warming. Nat Sci Sustain Technol:83–118Google Scholar
  6. CPCB (2013) Overview of plastic waste management. Central Pollution Control board. www.file:///D:/plastic%20waste%20cpcb.pdf. Accessed on 10 Apr 2019
  7. Frias JPGL, Nash R (2019) Microplastics: finding a consensus on the definition. Mar Pollut Bull 138:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gironi F, Piemonte V (2011) Bioplastics and petroleum-based plastics: strengths and weaknesses. Energy Sources, Part A Taylor & Francis Group 33:1949–1959Google Scholar
  9. Hopewell J, Dvorak R, Kosior E (2009) Plastic recycling: challenges and opportunities. Philos Trans R Soc B 364:2115–2126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A, Narayan R, Law KL (2015) Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Mar Pollut 347(6223):768–771Google Scholar
  11. Kai-ching Anthony Hau, Kwan Tze Hoi, Kam-tao Philip Li (2009) Melamine toxicity and the kidney. J Am Soc Nephrol 20:240–250Google Scholar
  12. Nnorom IC, Osibanjo O (2009) Toxicity characterization of waste mobile phone plastics. J Hazard Mater 161:183–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Prasher G (2018) Where does the plastic waste in Indian cities go? Plastic pollution in India,, 2 June 2018. Accessed on 22 Apr 2019Google Scholar
  14. Rochman CM, Browne MA, Halpern BS, Hentschel BT, Hoh E, Karapanagioti HK, Rios-Mendoza LM, Takada H, Tech S, Thompson RC (2013) Classify plastic waste as hazardous. Nat Int J Sci 494:169–171Google Scholar
  15. Singh RK, Ruj B (2015) Plastic waste management and disposal techniques-Indian scenario. Int J Plast Technol 19(2):211–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Srivastava V, Ismail SA, Singh P, Singh RP (2015) Urban solid waste management in the developing world with emphasis on India: challenges and opportunities. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 14:317–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. TERI, factsheet on plastic waste in India (2018) Accessed on 22 Apr 2019
  18. Verma R, Vinoda KS, Papireddy M, Gowda ANS (2016) Toxic pollutants from plastic waste- a review. Procedia Environ Sci 35:701–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Worldbank (2018) What a waste: an updated look into the future of solid waste management. Accessed on 10 Apr 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amit Vishwakarma
    • 1
  1. 1.University Institute of Technology, A State Technological University of Madhya Pradesh India (RGPV Bhopal)BhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations