Advertisement

Framework of School Disaster Education and Resilience: Context and Structure

  • Jieh-Jiuh WangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)

Abstract

Schools play a decisive role not only in the enlightenment of thoughts on disaster management, but also as sources of community’s knowledge provider. Some schools even serve as short-term emergency shelters. This study focuses on school disaster management to help schools identify the entirety of disaster management work, enhance its resilience and reduce the impact. This study utilizes analytic network process to obtain the weight and priority of the evaluation factor and revises an evaluation framework to include the five major dimensions: environmental familiarity, school capability, school disaster management map, external resource importation and disaster resilience education with 37 indicators. The results indicate that the most important factor in the establishment of school disaster management relies on the promotion of disaster resilience education, the hybrid control post exercise implementation in particular. School capacity establishment comes next, especially with supports from school administrators. 28 schools are evaluated to verify the framework’s validity. The results demonstrate schools participated in the disaster management program perform significantly better than those without participation or experiences. It is suggested that the framework can be used regularly to inspect and verify various disaster management tasks in schools to enhance its resilience and responses to disasters in future.

Keywords

Disaster management School safety Disaster risk reduction School disaster management program Analytic network process Resilience 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their comments.

Funding

This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (Grant number MOST 105-2221-E-130-001-), Taiwan.

References

  1. ActionAid (2009) Disaster risk reduction through schools: a groundbreaking project. ActionAid International, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  2. Chung SC, Lee CI (2013) An overview of disaster management and campus network deployment and experimental plan. Retrieved 20 Apr 2015, from http://astdr.colife.org.tw/file_download.aspx?auto_id=627andpid=225
  3. Consortium for Disaster Education (2011) A framework of school-based disaster preparedness developed by consortium for disaster education Indonesia. Retrieved 1 Apr 2015, from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/26013_26008aframeworkofschoolbaseddisaste.pdf
  4. De Sherbinin A, Schiller A, Pulsipher A (2007) The vulnerability of global cities to climate hazards. Environ Urban 19:39–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) (2000) School disaster management plan. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/5449_SchoolDisasterManagementPlanIndia.pdf
  6. GoI-UNDP (2006) Handout on school safety programme. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/8074_GoISchoolSafetyProgramme.pdf
  7. Haroff KT, Moore KK (2007) Global climate change and the national environmental policy act. Univ San Francisco Law Rev 42:155–184Google Scholar
  8. Hatch MT (2007) The Europeanization of German climate change policy. Paper for the EUSA Tenth Biennial International Conference, Montreal, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  9. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2013) Climate change 2013: the physical science basis—summary for policymakers. Retrieved from http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/report/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf
  10. International Finance Corporation (IFC) (2010) Disaster and emergency preparedness: guidance for schools. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/13989_ifcdisasteremergencyhandbook63010.pdf
  11. Johnson VA, Ronan KR, Johnston DM, Peace R (2014) Evaluations of disaster education programs for children: a methodological review. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct 9:107–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCright AM, Dunlap RE (2003) Defeating Kyoto: The conservative movement’s impact on U.S. climate change policy. Soc Probl 50(3):348–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ministry of Education (2015) Disaster prevention and climate change adaptation education program annual reportGoogle Scholar
  14. Mileti DS (1999) Disasters by design: a reassessment of natural hazards in the United States. Joseph Henry Press, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  15. National Development and Reform Commission, People’s Republic of China (2007) China’s national climate change programme. Retrieved from http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/newsrelease/200706/P020070604561191006823.pdf
  16. Revi A (2008) Climate change risk: an adaptation and mitigation agenda for Indian cities. Environ Urban 20:207–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saaty TL (1977) A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. J Math Psychol 15(30):234–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Saaty TL (1980) The analytic hierarchy process. McGrae-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. UNISDR (2010) School emergency and disaster preparedness: guidance note. Retrieved from http://www.unisdr.org/files/15655_1msshguidenotesprefinal0313101.pdf
  20. UNISDR (2015) Sendi framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030. United Nations, Geneva. Retrieved from https://www.unisdr.org/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf
  21. United Nations (1992) United Nations framework convention on climate changeGoogle Scholar
  22. United Nations (1997) Kyoto protocol to the convention on climate changeGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang JJ (2012) Integrated model combined land-use planning and disaster management—the structure, context and contents. Disaster Prev Management 21(1):110–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang JJ (2016) Study on the context of school disaster management in Taiwan. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct 19:224–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang JJ, Hsu TY, Yang YY (2011) Disaster risk management and adaptive strategy toward cultural heritage preservation—preventive conservation under climate variation trend. Ministry of Science and Technology project (MOST 101-2221-E-130-034)Google Scholar
  26. Wu IC, Kung CY, Wang AS, Yu IC (2016) Climatic characteristics analysis of flash flood in Taiwan. E-paper of National Science and Technology Center for disaster risk reduction, 132, July 2016Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Architecture DepartmentMing Chuan UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan

Personalised recommendations