Framework of School Disaster Education and Resilience: Context and Structure

  • Jieh-Jiuh WangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)


Schools play a decisive role not only in the enlightenment of thoughts on disaster management, but also as sources of community’s knowledge provider. Some schools even serve as short-term emergency shelters. This study focuses on school disaster management to help schools identify the entirety of disaster management work, enhance its resilience and reduce the impact. This study utilizes analytic network process to obtain the weight and priority of the evaluation factor and revises an evaluation framework to include the five major dimensions: environmental familiarity, school capability, school disaster management map, external resource importation and disaster resilience education with 37 indicators. The results indicate that the most important factor in the establishment of school disaster management relies on the promotion of disaster resilience education, the hybrid control post exercise implementation in particular. School capacity establishment comes next, especially with supports from school administrators. 28 schools are evaluated to verify the framework’s validity. The results demonstrate schools participated in the disaster management program perform significantly better than those without participation or experiences. It is suggested that the framework can be used regularly to inspect and verify various disaster management tasks in schools to enhance its resilience and responses to disasters in future.


Disaster management School safety Disaster risk reduction School disaster management program Analytic network process Resilience 



The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their comments.


This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (Grant number MOST 105-2221-E-130-001-), Taiwan.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Architecture DepartmentMing Chuan UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan

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