This chapter concludes from the historical trajectory of Chinese agro-cooperation with Africa that how the status of being as a developing country (along with other historical experiences) has shaped China’s ‘mutual-development’ mind-set in its external development cooperation. It summarizes the three models of China’s contemporary development cooperation in African agriculture and explains the logic of ‘development package’ behind and its link with the ‘mutual-development’ mentality. The chapter also brings China back into the global IDC landscape, reflecting the ‘new’ elements involved in Chinese development cooperation and comparing that with the Northern practice. It thus calls for a broadening understanding for IDC that can allow win-win ideology and embrace diversified cooperation forms beyond the traditional ODA.
KeywordsDevelopment status Historical experience Mutual development Development package
- Alesina, Alberto, and David Dollar. 2000. ‘Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?’ Journal of Economic Growth 5 (1): 33–63.Google Scholar
- Bräutigam, Deborah. 2009. The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Clay, Edward, Matthew Geddes, and Luisa Natali. 2009. ‘Untying Aid: Is It Working? An Evaluation of the Implementation of the Paris Declaration and of the 2001 DAC Recommendation of Untying ODA to the LDCs’. DIIS (Danish Institute for International Studies), Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- Hjertholm, Peter, and Howard White. 2000. ‘Foreign Aid in Historical Perspective: Background and Trends’. In Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future, 59–77. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- William, Hynes, and Simon Scott. 2013. ‘The Evolution of Official Development Assistance: Achievements, Criticisms and A Way Forward’. OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers No. 12. OECD Publishing, Paris.Google Scholar
- ICAI. 2015. ‘Business in Development’. ICAI (Independent Commission for Aid Impact). https://icai.independent.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/ICAI-Business-in-Development-FINAL.pdf.
- Kapoor, Ilan. 2008. The Postcolonial Politics of Development. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Niu, Jun. 2010. Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Duiwai Guanxi Shi Gailun, 1949–2000 (Introduction to History of Foreign Relations of the People’s Republic of China, 1949–2000). Beijing: Peking University Press.Google Scholar
- Veen, Maurits van der. 2011. Ideas, Interests and Foreign Aid. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar