Advertisement

Introduction

  • Lu JiangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Governing China in the 21st Century book series (GC21)

Abstract

This chapter sets up the research background of the transitioning international development cooperation (IDC)—in particular the deepening divide between the traditional Northern donors and the ‘emerging’ Southern development partners, as well as the growing trend of public–private cooperation in IDC. It then situates the research topic of China-Africa agricultural development cooperation into the broader context of global IDC and develops a cluster of research concerns while introducing the methods adopted to address these concerns.

Keywords

International development cooperation (IDC) Northern/traditional donors Southern development partners/emerging donors China Africa Agricultural development cooperation Research concerns Research methods 

References

  1. Agrawal, S. 2007. ‘Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: The India Case’. Working Paper. International Development Research Centre, Canada.Google Scholar
  2. Alden, Chris. 2007. China in Africa: Partner, Competitor or Hegemon? London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  3. Alonso, José. 2012. ‘From Aid to Global Development Policy’. Working Paper No. 121. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA). http://www.un.org/esa/desa/papers/2012/wp121_2012.pdf.
  4. Besharati, Neissan Alessandro. 2013. ‘South African Development Partnership Agency (SADPA): Strategic Aid or Development Packages for Africa?’ (SAIIA) South African Institute of International Affairs.Google Scholar
  5. Binder, Andrea, Markus Palenberg, and Jan Martin Witte. 2007. ‘Engaging Business in Development’. GPPi Research Paper Series No. 8. Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin.Google Scholar
  6. Bräutigam, Deborah. 1998. Chinese Aid and African Development: Exporting Green Revolution. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 2010. ‘China, Africa and the International Aid Architecture’. Working Paper 107. African Development Bank Group. https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/WORKING%20107%20%20PDF%20E33.pdf.
  8. ———. 2011. ‘Aid “with Chinese Characteristics”: Chinese Foreign Aid and Development Finance Meet the OECD-DAC Aid Regime’. Journal of International Development 23 (5): 752–764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Burges, Sean. 2014. ‘Brazil’s International Development Co-operation: Old and New Motivations’. Development Policy Review 32 (3): 355–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cabral, Lídia, Giuliano Russo, and Julia Weinstock. 2014. ‘Brazil and the Shifting Consensus on Development Co-Operation: Salutary Diversions from the “Aid-Effectiveness” Trail?’ Development Policy Review 32 (2): 179–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Camara, Morro. 2004. ‘The Impact of Programme Versus Project Aid on Fiscal Behaviour in The Gambia’.Google Scholar
  12. Chanana, D. 2009. ‘India as an Emerging Donor’. Economic and Political Weekly 44.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 2010. ‘India’s Transition to Global Donor: Limitations and Prospects’. Real Instituto Elcano 123.Google Scholar
  14. Chandy, Laurence. 2011. ‘Reframing Development Cooperation’. In The 2011 Brookings Blum Roundtable Policy Briefs. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2011_blum_reframing_development_cooperation_chandy.pdf.
  15. Chandy, Laurence, and Homi Kharas. 2011. ‘Why Can’t We All Just Get Along? The Practical Limits to International Development Cooperation’. Journal of International Development 23 (5): 739–751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chaturvedi, Sachin. 2008. ‘Emerging Patterns in Architecture for Management of Economic Assistance and Development Cooperation: Implications and Challenges for India’. Working Paper.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2012. ‘India’s Development Partnership: Key Policy Shifts and Institutional Evolution’. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 557–577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chaturvedi, Sachin, Anuradha Chenoy, Deepta Chopra, Anuradha Joshi, and Khush Lagdhyan. 2014. ‘Indian Development Cooperation: The State of the Debate’. Working Paper No. 95. Evidence Report. IDS (Institute of Development Studies), Sussex.Google Scholar
  19. Chin, Gregory. 2012. ‘China as a “Net Donor”: Tracking Dollars and Sense’. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 579–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chin, Gregory, and B. Michael Frolic. 2007. ‘Emerging Donors in Development Assistance: The Case of China’. Working Paper. International Development Research Centre, Canada.Google Scholar
  21. Chin, Gregory, and Fahimul Quadir. 2012. ‘Introduction: Rising States, Rising Donors and the Global Aid Regime’. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 493–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Clay, Edward, Matthew Geddes, and Luisa Natali. 2009. ‘Untying Aid: Is It Working? An Evaluation of the Implementation of the Paris Declaration and of the 2001 DAC Recommendation of Untying ODA to the LDCs’. DIIS (Danish Institute for International Studies), Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  23. Currie-Alder, Bruce. 2016. ‘The State of Development Studies: Origins, Evolution and Prospects’. Canadian Journal of Development Studies 37 (1): 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Davies, Joanne. 2011. ‘Washington’s Growth and Opportunity Act or Beijing’s “Overarching Brilliance”: Will African Governments Choose Neither?’ Third World Quarterly 32 (6): 1147–1163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Devex. 2011. ‘Bilateral Donor Agencies Open for Partnerships: A Closer Look at 5 Leaders in Development Partnerships’. https://pages.devex.com/rs/685-KBL-765/images/Devex_Reports_Biateral_Donor_Agencies_A_Closer_Look_at_5_Development_Leaders.pdf.
  26. Diao, Xinshen, Peter Hazell, and James Thurlow. 2010. ‘The Role of Agriculture in African Development’. World Development 38 (10): 1375–1383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dreher, Axel, and Andreas Fuchs. 2015. ‘Rogue Aid? An Empirical Analysis of China’s Aid Allocation’. Canadian Journal of Economics 48 (3): 988–1023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Dreher, Axel, Andreas Fuchs, Roland Hodler, Bradley Parks, Paul Raschky, and Michael J. Tierney. 2016. ‘Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China’s Foreign Assistance’. Working Paper. AidData.Google Scholar
  29. Easterly, William. 2003. ‘Can Foreign Aid Buy Growth?’ Journal of Economic Perspectives 17 (3): 23–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. ECA of the UN (Economic Commission for Africa of the United Nations Economic and Social Council). 2007. ‘Africa Review Report on Agriculture and Rural Development’. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/eca_bg2.pdf.
  31. ECOSOC of the UN. 2008. ‘Background Study for the Development Cooperation Forum: Trends in South-South and Triangular Development Cooperation’. United Nations Economic and Social Council.Google Scholar
  32. Eicher, Carl. 2003. ‘Flashback: Fifty Years of Donor Aid to African Agriculture’. https://rmportal.net/framelib/donor-aid-to-african-agriculture.pdf.
  33. European Commission. 2014. ‘A Stronger Role of the Private Sector in Achieving Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Countries’. http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2014/EN/1-2014-263-EN-F1-1.Pdf.
  34. FOCAC (Forum on China Africa Cooperation). 2003. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Addis Ababa Action Plan (2004–2006)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t606801.htm.
  35. ———. 2006. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Beijing Action Plan (2007–2009)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t280369.htm.
  36. ———. 2009. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Sharm El-Sheikh Action Plan (2010–2012)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t626387.htm.
  37. ———. 2012. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Beijing Action Plan (2013–2015)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t954620.htm.
  38. ———. 2015. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Johannesburg Action Plan (2016–2018)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t1327961.htm.
  39. ———. 2018. ‘The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Beijing Action Plan (2019-2021)’. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing. https://www.focac.org/eng/zywx_1/zywj/t1594297.htm.
  40. Fuchs, Andreas, and Krishana Vadlamannati. 2013. ‘The Needy Donor: An Empirical Analysis of India’s Aid Motives’. World Development 44: 110–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Führer, Helmut. 1996. The Story of Official Development Assistance: A Story of the Development Assistance Committee and the Development Co-operation Directorate in Dates, Names and Figures. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  42. Goldstein, Andrea, Nicolas Pinaud, Helmut Reisen, and Xiaobao Chen. 2006. ‘China and India: What’s in It for Africa?’ Report. OECD Development Centre. http://www.oecd.org/development/pgd/36259343.pdf.
  43. Government of India. 2003. ‘Budget 2003–04: Speech of Jaswant Singh, Minister of Finance’.Google Scholar
  44. Gradl, Christina, Subathirai Sivakumaran, and Sabha Sobhani. 2010. ‘The MDGs: Everyone’s Business—How Inclusive Business Models Contribute to Development and Who Supports Them’. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme).Google Scholar
  45. Grimm, S. 2011. ‘South Africa as a Development Partner in Africa’. Policy Brief 11. Centre for Chinese Studies, Stellenbosch.Google Scholar
  46. Haan, Arian. 2011. ‘Will China Change International Development as We Know It?’ Journal of International Development 23: 881–908.Google Scholar
  47. Hanson, Henrik, and Finn Tarp. 2000. ‘Aid Effectiveness Disputed’. Journal of International Development 12 (3): 375–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Harry S. Truman. 1949. ‘Truman’s Inaugural Address’. https://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/50yr_archive/inagural20jan1949.htm.
  49. Hausmann, Jeannine, and Erik Lundsgaarde. 2015. ‘Turkey’s Role in Development Cooperation’. Working Paper. Centre for Policy Research at United Nations University.Google Scholar
  50. Hjertholm, Peter, and Howard White. 2000. ‘Foreign Aid in Historical Perspective: Background and Trends’. In Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future, 59–77. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  51. ICAI. 2015. ‘Business in Development’. ICAI (Independent Commission for Aid Impact). https://icai.independent.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/ICAI-Business-in-Development-FINAL.pdf.
  52. Ierley, Doug. 2002. ‘Private Capital Flows as a Springboard for World Bank Reform’. Journal of International Law 23 (1).Google Scholar
  53. Ingram, George, Anne E. Johnson, and Helen Moser. 2016. ‘USAID’s Public-Private Partnerships: A Data Picture and Review of Business Engagement’. Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/WP94PPPReport2016Web.pdf.
  54. Inoue, Cristina, and Alcides Vaz. 2012. ‘Brazil as “Southern Donor”: Beyond Hierarchy and National Interests in Development Cooperation?’ Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 507–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Kilama, Eric. 2016. ‘The Influence of China and Emerging Donors Aid Allocation: A Recipient Perspective’. China Economic Review 38: 76–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kim, Soyeun, and Simon Lightfoot. 2011. ‘Does “DAC-Ability” Really Matter? The Emergence of Non-DAC Donors: Introduction to Policy Arena’. Journal of International Development 23 (5): 711–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kondoh, Hisahiro. 2015. ‘Convergence of Aid Models in Emerging Donors? Learning Processes, Norms and Identities, and Recipients’. Working Paper. JICA Research Institute, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  58. Kragelund, Peter. 2008. ‘The Return of Non-DAC Donors to Africa: New Prospects for African Development? Peter Kragelund, 2008’. Development Policy Review 26 (5): 555–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. ———. 2010. ‘The Potential Role of Non-traditional Donors’ Aid in Africa, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development’. Issue Paper 11. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.Google Scholar
  60. Kulaklikaya, Musa, and Rahman Nurdun. 2010. ‘Turkey as a New Player in Development Cooperation’. Insight Turkey 12 (4): 131–145.Google Scholar
  61. Lancaster, Carol. 2007. ‘The Chinese Aid System’. Centre for Global Development.Google Scholar
  62. Leite et al. 2014. ‘Brazil’s Engagement in International Development Cooperation: The State of the Debate’. Evidence Report No. 59. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton.Google Scholar
  63. Lengauer, Sara. 2011. ‘China’s Foreign Aid Policy: Motive and Method’. Culture Mandala 9 (2).Google Scholar
  64. Manning, Richard. 2006. ‘Will “Emerging Donors” Change the Face of International Co-operation?’ Development Policy Review 24 (4): 371–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Mason, Jannifer. 2002. Qualitative Researching. 2nd ed. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  66. McCormick, Dorothy. 2008. ‘China & India as Africa’s New Donors: The Impact of Aid on Development’. Review of African Political Economy 35 (115): 73–92.Google Scholar
  67. Mold, Andrew. 2009. ‘Policy Ownership and Aid Conditionality in the Light of the Financial Crisis: A Critical Review’. OECD Publishing. http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/policy-ownership-and-aid-conditionality-in-the-light-of-the-financial-crisis_9789264075528-en#.WPWLnhJ95E4.
  68. Momani, Bessma, and Crystal Ennis. 2012. ‘Between Caution and Controversy: Lessons from the Gulf Arab States as (Re-)Emerging Donors’. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 605–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Mosley, Paul, and Marion J. Eeckhout. 2000. ‘From Project Aid to Programme Assistance’. In Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future, 101–119. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  70. Moyo, Dambisa. 2010. Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is Another Way for Africa. London: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  71. Mwase, Nkunde, and Yongzheng Yang. 2012. ‘BRICs’ Philosophies for Development Financing and Their Implications for LICs’. Working Paper. IMF.Google Scholar
  72. Naim, Moises. 2009. ‘Rogue Aid’. Foreign Policy. https://foreignpolicy.com/2009/10/15/rogue-aid/.
  73. NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development). 2003. ‘Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme 2003’.Google Scholar
  74. OECD. 1978. Recommendation on Terms and Conditions of Aid (from the 1978 DAC Chair Report on Development Co-operation). OECD.Google Scholar
  75. ———. 2008. ‘Is It ODA?’ www.oecd.org/dac/stats.
  76. ———. 2016. Development Co-operation Report 2016: The Sustainable Development Goals as Business Opportunities. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/dcr-2016-en.
  77. OECD-DAC. 2013. ‘Converged Statistical Reporting Directives for the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) and the Annual Dac Questionnaire—Addendum 2’. OECD. http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/documentupload/DCD-DAC(2013)15-ADD2-FINAL-ENG.pdf#page=5.
  78. Opoku-Mensah. 2009. ‘China and the International Aid System: Challenges and Opportunities’. Working Paper. Aalborg University: Research Centre on Development and International Relations.Google Scholar
  79. Özkan, M., and B. Akgün. 2010. ‘Turkey’s Opening to Africa’. The Journal of Modern African Studies 48 (4).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Paulo, Sebastian, and Helmut Reisen. 2010. ‘Eastern Donors and Western Soft Law: Towards a DAC Donor Peer Review of China and India?’ Development Policy Review 28 (5): 535–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Pompa, Claudia. 2013. ‘Understanding Challenge Funds’. London: Overseas Development Institute. https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/9086.pdf.
  82. Quadir, Fahimul. 2013. Rising Donors and the New Narrative of ‘South–South’ Cooperation: What Prospects for Changing the Landscape of Development Assistance Programmes? Third World Quarterly 34 (2): 321–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Robledo, Carmen. 2015. ‘New Donors, Same Old Practices? South-South Cooperation of Latin American Emerging Donors’. Bandung: Journal of Global South 2 (3).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Roussel, Lauren. 2013. ‘The Changing Donor Landscape in Nicaragua: Rising Competition Enhances Ownership and Fosters Cooperation’. Journal of International Development 25 (6): 802–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Rudincová, Kateřina. 2014. ‘New Player on the Scene: Turkish Engagement in Africa’. Bulletin of Geography 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Runde, Daniel, Holly Wise, Anna Saito Carson, and Cleanor Coates. 2011. ‘Seizing the Opportunity in Public-Private Partnerships: Strengthening Capacity at the State Department, USAID, and MCC’. Center for Strategic & International Studies. https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/111102_Runde_PublicPrivatePartnerships_Web.pdf.
  87. Sachs, Jeffrey. 2005. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  88. Sato, Jin, Hiroaki Shiga, Takaaki Kobayashi, and Hisahiro Kondoh. 2011. ‘“Emerging Donors” from a Recipient Perspective: An Institutional Analysis of Foreign Aid in Cambodia’. World Development 39 (12): 2091–2104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Shushan, Debra, and Christopher Marcoux. 2011. ‘The Rise (and Decline?) of Arab Aid: Generosity and Allocation in the Oil Era’. World Development 39 (11): 1969–1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Six, Clemens. 2009. ‘The Rise of Postcolonial States as Donors: A Challenge to the Development Paradigm?’ Third World Quarterly 30 (6): 1103–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Smith, Kimberly, Talita Fordelone, and Felix Zimmermann. 2010. ‘Beyond the DAC—The Welcome Role of Other Providers of Development Co-operation’. DCD Issues Brief. OECD. https://www.oecd.org/dac/45361474.pdf.
  92. Soest, Jaap van. 1978. The Start of International Development Cooperation in the United Nations 1945–1952. Assen: Van Gorcum Press.Google Scholar
  93. State Council of the PRC (People’s Republic of China). 2011. ‘China’s Foreign Aid’. State Council of the People’s Republic of China. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-04/21/c_13839683.htm.
  94. ———. 2014. ‘China’s Foreign Aid’. State Council of the People’s Republic of China. http://english.gov.cn/archive/white_paper/2014/08/23/content_281474982986592.htm.
  95. Tan-Mullins, May, Giles Mohan, and Marcus Power. 2010. ‘Redefining “Aid” in the China-Africa Context’. Development and Change 41 (5): 857–881.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Timmis, Hannah. 2018. ‘Lessons from Donor Support to Technical Assistance Programmes’. K4D Helpdesk Report. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5ab0e81140f0b62d854a9bc5/Lessons_from_donor_support_to_technical_assistance_programmes.pdf.
  97. Troilo, Pete. 2011. ‘PPPs in the Developing World’. Devex. https://www.devex.com/news/ppps-in-the-developing-world-76370.
  98. Turki, Benyan. 2014. ‘The Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development and Its Activities in African Countries, 1961–2010’. Middle East Journal 68 (3): 421–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. UNDP. 2016. ‘Strategy Note: UNDP’s Private Sector and Foundations Strategy for the Sustainable Development Goals 2016–2020’. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme).Google Scholar
  100. Vaz, Alcides, and Cristina Inoue. 2007. ‘Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: The Brazil Case’. Working Paper. International Development Research Center, Canada.Google Scholar
  101. Vickers, Brendan. 2012. ‘Towards a New Aid Paradigm: South Africa as African Development Partner’. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 25 (4): 535–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Villanger, Espen. 2007. ‘Arab Foreign Aid: Disbursement Patterns, Aid Policies and Motives’. Forum for Development Studies 34 (2): 223–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Walz, Julie, and Vijaya Ramachandran. 2011. ‘Brave New World: A Literature Review of Emerging Donors and the Changing Nature of Foreign Assistance’. Working Paper 273. Centre for Global Development, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  104. William Hynes, and Simon Scott. 2013. ‘The Evolution of Official Development Assistance: Achievements, Criticisms and A Way Forward’. OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers No. 12. OECD Publishing, Paris.Google Scholar
  105. Wolfe, Braude, Pearl Thandrayan, and Elizabeth Sidiropoulos. 2008. ‘Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: The South Africa Case’. Working Paper. International Development Research Center, Canada.Google Scholar
  106. Woods, Ngaire. 2008. ‘Whose Aid? Whose Influence? China, Emerging Donors and the Silent Revolution in Development Assistance’. International Affairs 84 (6): 1205–1221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Xalma, C. 2010. ‘Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America’. SEGIB Studies No. 5. Madrid.Google Scholar
  108. Zhang, Yanbing, Jing Gu, and Yunnan Chen. 2015. ‘China’s Engagement in International Development Cooperation: The State of the Debate’. IDS (Institute of Development Studies).Google Scholar
  109. Zimmermann, Felix, and Kimberly Smith. 2011. ‘More Actors, More Money, More Ideas for International Development Co-operation’. Journal of International Development 23 (5): 722–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai University of International Business and EconomicsShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Fudan Development InstituteShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations