Public Institutions: De-administration
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In China, public institutions are of intricate and complex relevance to government organs. It is an important part of government reform to carry out institutional change in separation of public service units from government. At present, excessive administration in public institutions leads to mixed forms of organization, rigid operation mechanism and ambiguous management styles, and so on. To carry out reform of public institutions, we should strengthen institutional innovation, break up stock by classification reform and introduce classification reform with a definite object to form a management system matching the organizational nature. The classification reform can be roughly divided into major classifications and sub-classifications. The major classification is to divide current public institutions into three types—namely administration, public welfare and management—in accordance with their social function. Then, public institutions of public welfare are divided into three subtypes further, namely Public Welfare Types I, II and III. Transformation from public institutions of management into enterprises should be conducted, where the government should provide necessary policy support for smooth transformation. In order to carry out de-administration smoothly, the classification reform of public institutions should be accelerated and the structure of corporate governance for public institutions should be established through reconstitution of organization.