Design of Fixture for Trimming of a Composite Material Shim by Abrasive Water Jet Machining

  • Kushal SinghEmail author
  • Ch. Venkateswarlu
  • B. Hari Prasad
  • A. P. Dash
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


The fixtures required in manufacturing must correctly locate workpiece in a given orientation with respect to cutting tool. The present work aims at design of fixture for trimming of a component called shim which is made of composite material. The trimming is done by abrasive water jet machine. Machining by conventional methods compromise the strength of the composite materials and/or cause delamination, making it less suitable for aerospace applications, thus Abrasive Water Jet (AWJ) technology is used for machining composite materials. In present work, the shim made of composite material is required to be cut at specified orientation at given location in a circular path. Since the shim is a thin-walled structure, excess clamping force may deform it and it may not get cut at required positions, although sufficient support and clamping is required to hold the component during trimming operation by water jet machining. The fixture needs to be designed for an abrasive water jet machine in which the water jet nozzle head is stationary and automation, e.g., rotary table is not available for maintaining circular cut at specified location and orientation. A fixture is designed to meet the above requirements. The suitable rotational speed to cut the shim is found experimentally and the shim is cut in circular path at desired location on the fixture.


Fixture design Abrasive water jet machining Composite material 



The authors thank Shri MSR Prasad (Distinguished Scientist and Director DRDL) for his encouragement and active support in conducting this task. We would like to sincerely thank the project team and personnel of work centers for their support and guidance for the design and development activity.


  1. 1.
    Venkateswarlu, C., Poddar, B., Sai Kumar, S., Lahari, S.G.: Optimization of process parameters in abrasive water jet cutting of aluminum AA 2014 and Titanium Ti6Al4. In: International Conference on Advances in Materials & Manufacturing (ICAMM—2016), Hyderabad (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rex, F.M.T., Ravindran, D.: An integrated approach for optimal fixture layout design. J. Eng. Manuf. 231(7), 1217–1228 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Irina Wong, M.M., Azmi, A.I., Lee, C.C., Mansor, A.F.: Kerf taper and delamination damage minimization of FRP hybrid composites under abrasive water-jet machining. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Product information on machining composites with abrasive water jet by Omax CorporationGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kashyap, S., DeVries, W.R.: Finite element analysis and optimization in fixture design. Struct. Optim. 18, 193–201 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Renold Elsen, S.: Design of composite fixture for machining ceramic materials using abrasive water jet machining (awjm). ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci. (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL)Kanchanbagh, HyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations