• Marko JuvanEmail author
Part of the Canon and World Literature book series (CAWOLI)


To frame the introduction of individual chapters, I discuss globalization as the economic, ideological, and intellectual ecosystem, in which literary studies—both in metropolises and peripheries—rediscovered Goethe’s Weltliteratur. World literature was reinterpreted either as liberating circulation and cross-cultural dialogism or hegemony of the literary world-system. Goethe initiated a meta-discourse on world literature that influenced transnational literary practices during the successive cycles of global capitalism. He expected literary circulation to enable an equal dialogue between nations, networking of the educated elite, and universal recognition of belated or (semi-)peripheral literatures. Marxism exposed Goethe’s concept as an ideologeme of European bourgeoisie’s global hegemony. Torn between dialogism and hegemony, the process of “worlding” (Kadir) and nationalizing European literatures has taken place since the early nineteenth century.


Literary world-system Globalization Dialogue Hegemony Nationalization Worlding 

Works Cited

  1. Arac, Jonathan. 2002. Anglo-globalism? New Left Review 16: 35–45.Google Scholar
  2. Bal, Mieke. 2002. Traveling Concepts in the Humanities: A Rough Guide. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bartol, Vladimir. 2004. Alamut. Trans. and Afterword Michael Biggins. Seattle: Scala House Press.Google Scholar
  4. Beecroft, Alexander. 2008. World Literature without a Hyphen: Towards a Typology of Literary Systems. New Left Review 54 (November–December): 87–100.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2015. An Ecology of World Literature: From Antiquity to the Present Day. Verso.Google Scholar
  6. Buescu, Helena. 2012. The Republic of Letters and the World Republic of Letters. In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. Theo D’haen, David Damrosch, and Djelal Kadir, 126–135. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Casanova, Pascale. 2004. The World Republic of Letters. Trans. M.B. DeBevoise. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cheah, Pheng. 2016. What Is a World?: On Postcolonial Literature as World Literature. Durham and London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Connel, Liam, and Nicky Marsh, eds. 2011. Literature and Globalization: A Reader. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Cooppan, Vilashini. 2004. Ghosts in the Disciplinary Machine: The Uncanny Life of World Literature. Comparative Literature Studies 41 (1): 10–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. D’haen, Theo. 2012. The Routledge Concise History of World Literature. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Damrosch, David. 2003. What Is World Literature? Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ďurišin, Dionýz. 1992. Čo je svetová literatúra. Bratislava: Obzor.Google Scholar
  14. Dussel, Enrique. 1998. Beyond Eurocentrism: The World-System and the Limits of Modernity. In The Cultures of Globalization, ed. Fredric Jameson and Masao Miyoshi, 3–31. Durham and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Eckermann, Johann Peter. 1998. Conversations of Goethe with Johann Peter Eckermann. Trans. John Oxenford. Cambridge: Da Capo Press.Google Scholar
  16. Frank, André Gunder, and Barry K. Gills. 1992. The Five Thousand Year World System: An Interdisciplinary Introduction. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations 18 (1): 1–80.Google Scholar
  17. ———., eds. 1993. The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand? London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Frassinelli, Pier Paolo, and David Watson. 2011. World Literature: A Receding Horizon. In Traversing Transnationalism: The Horizons of Literary and Cultural Studies, ed. Pier Paolo Frassinelli, Ronit Frenkel, and David Watson, 191–207. Amsterdam: Rodopi.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. 1949. Appendix: The Twenty-One Passages from Goethe’s Works, Diaries, Letters and Conversations, In Which He Makes Use of the Expression ‘World Literature’. In Goethe and World Literature, ed. Fritz Strich, 349–351. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 1963. Schriften zur Kunst. Schriften zur Literatur. Maximen und Reflexionen. 5th ed. Eds. Herbert von Einem, Hans Joachim Schrimpf, and Werner Weber. Hamburg: Ch. Wegner (Goethes Werke: Hamburger Ausgabe; Bd. 12).Google Scholar
  21. ———. 1973. Some Passages Pertaining to the Concept of World Literature. In Comparative Literature: The Early Years. An Anthology of Essays, ed. Hans-Joachim Schulz and Philipp H. Rhein, 1–12. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  22. Gunn, Giless. 2001. Introduction: Globalizing Literary Studies. PMLA 166 (1): 16–31.Google Scholar
  23. Gupta, Suman. 2009. Globalization and Literature. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  24. Hayot, Eric. 2012a. On Literary Worlds. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. ———. 2012b. World Literature and Globalization. In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. Theo D’haen, David Damrosch, and Djelal Kadir, 223–231. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Huggan, Graham. 2011. The Trouble with World Literature. In A Companion to Comparative Literature, ed. Ali Behdad and Dominic Thomas, 490–504. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jameson, Fredric. 2009. Valences of the Dialectic. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  28. Jameson, Fredric, and Masao Miyoshi, eds. 1998. The Cultures of Globalization. Durham and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Juvan, Marko. 2011. Literary Studies in Reconstruction: An Introduction to Literature. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. ———. 2012a. Prešernovska struktura in svetovni literarni sistem. Ljubljana: Literarno-umetniško društvo Literatura.Google Scholar
  31. ———. 2012b. Slovenjenje svetovne književnosti od Čopa do Ocvirka. In Svetovne književnosti in obrobja, ed. Marko Juvan, 277–295. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2013. Worlding Literatures between Dialogue and Hegemony. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 15 (5).
  33. ———. 2018. Prešeren, France. In Encyclopedia of Romantic Nationalism in Europe, ed. Joep Leerssen, vol. 1, 491–493. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Kadir, Djelal. 2004. To World, to Globalize – Comparative Literature’s Crossroads. Comparative Literature Studies 41 (1): 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kliger, Ilya. 2010. World Literature Beyond Hegemony in Yuri M. Lotman’s Cultural Semiotics. Comparative Critical Studies 7 (2–3): 257–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Koch, Manfred. 2002. Weimaraner Weltbewohner: Zur Genese von Goethes Begriff ‘Weltliteratur’. Tübingen: Niemeyer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Košuta, Miran. 1988. Alamut: roman – metafora. In Alamut, ed. Vladimir Bartol, 551–597. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 1991. Usoda zmaja: ob svetovnem uspehu Bartolovega Alamuta. Jezik in slovstvo 36 (3): 56–61.Google Scholar
  39. Latour, Bruno. 1996. Ces résaux que la raison ignore – laboratoires, bibliothèques, collections. In La pouvoir des bibliothèques: La mémoire des livres dan la culture occidentale, 23–46. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  40. Lawall, Sarah, ed. 1994. Reading World Literature: Theory, History, Practice. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  41. Mani, Bala Venkat. 2012. Bibliomigrancy: Book Series and the Making of World Literature. In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. Theo D’haen, David Damrosch, and Djelal Kadir, 283–296. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  42. ———. 2017. Recoding World Literature: Libraries, Print Culture, and Germany’s Pact with Books. New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Marx, Karl, and Frederick Engels. 1998. The Communist Manifesto. Trans. Samuel Moore in cooperation with Frederick Engels. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  44. Mignolo, Walter D. 1998. Globalization, Civilization Processes, and the Relocation of Languages and Cultures. In The Cultures of Globalization, ed. Fredric Jameson and Masao Miyoshi, 32–53. Durham and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Miller, J. Hillis. 2011. Globalization and World Literature. Comparative Literature: Toward a (Re)construction of World Literature. Ed. Ning Wang. Neohelicon 38 (2): 251–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Moretti, Franco. 2000. Conjectures on World Literature. New Left Review 1: 54–68.Google Scholar
  47. ———. 2003. More Conjectures. New Left Review 20: 73–81.Google Scholar
  48. ———. 2013. Distant Reading. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  49. Nethersole, Reingard. 2012. World Literature and the Library. In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. Theo D’haen, David Damrosch, and Djelal Kadir, 307–315. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  50. Neupokoyeva, Irina Grigorevna. 2012. Dialectics of Historical Development of National and World Literature (1973). In World Literature: A Reader, ed. Theo D’haen, César Domínguez, and Mads Rosendahl Thomsen, 104–113. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  51. Ocvirk, Anton. 1936. Teorija primerjalne literarne zgodovine. Ljubljana: Znanstveno društvo.Google Scholar
  52. Pizer, John. 2000. Goethe’s ‘World Literature’ Paradigm and Contemporary Cultural Globalization. Comparative Literature 52 (3): 213–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. ———. 2006. The Idea of World Literature: History and Pedagogical Practice. Baton Rouge: Louisiana University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Prendergast, Christopher. 2004. The World Republic of Letters. In Debating World Literature, ed. Christopher Prendergast, 1–25. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  55. Robinson, William I. 2006. Critical Globalization Studies. In Public Sociologies Reader, ed. Judith R. Balu and Keri E. Iyall Smith, 21–36. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  56. ———. 2007. Theories of Globalization. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 125–143. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  57. Samhaber, Edward. 1880. Preširenklänge. Ljubljana: Kleinmayr and Bamberg.Google Scholar
  58. Sapiro, Gisèle. 2011. Comparativism, Transfers, Entangled History: Sociological Perspectives on Literature. In A Companion to Comparative Literature, ed. Ali Behdad and Dominic Thomas, 225–236. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Saussy, Haun, ed. 2006. Comparative Literature in an Age of Globalization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Schmidt, Siegfried J. 1989. Die Selbstorganisation des Sozialsystems Literatur im 18. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  61. Slodnjak, Anton. 1952. Prešeren, France. In Slovenski biografski leksikon, vol. 2/8, 517–564. Ljubljana: SAZU.Google Scholar
  62. ———. 1964. Prešernovo življenje. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga.Google Scholar
  63. Snoj, Vid. 2006. World Literature against the Background of the Other. Interlitteraria 11 (1): 41–49.Google Scholar
  64. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. 2003. Death of a Discipline. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Strich, Fritz. 1949. Goethe and World Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  66. Terian, Andre. 2013. National Literature, World Literatures, and Universality in Romanian Cultural Criticism 1867–1947. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 15 (5).
  67. Thomsen, Mads Rosendahl. 2008. Mapping World Literature: International Canonization and Transnational Literatures. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  68. Tutek, Hrvoje. 2013. Limits to Transculturality: A Book Review Article of New Work by Kimmich and Schahadat and Juvan. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 15 (5).
  69. Walkowitz, Rebecca. 2015. Born Translated: The Contemporary Novel in an Age of World Literature. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1991. Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing World-System. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  71. Widdowson, Peter. 1999. Literature. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  72. Young, Robert. 2012. World Literature and Postcolonialism. In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. Theo D’haen, David Damrosch, and Djelal Kadir, 213–222. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsLjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations