Business-University Collaboration in a Developing Country in the Industry 4.0 Era—The Case of Hungary

  • Annamaria InzeltEmail author


Emerging economies, as well as Hungary in Europe, are frequently host countries to multinational companies. For both parties it is a great challenge to build relevant knowledge- generating capacities which are attractive in respect of collaboration. In such collaborations those countries on the receiving end of foreign direct investment have the ambition to become more than mere pools of knowledge assets for multinational companies. An insight into Hungarian attempts to achieve this aim under difficult circumstances might be useful for other countries in similar situations. In recent years the majority of Hungarian business research and development expenditure has come from companies wholly-, or majority-owned by foreign interests. This high proportion indicates the significant role of foreign companies in the Hungarian research agenda and in business-university collaboration. This chapter focuses on how foreign companies are shaping business-university collaboration in research and experimental development and touches upon the role of government as facilitator. The subjects of research and development contracts and collaboration depend on the environment and on both potential partners—that is to say, by the types of demand generated by companies, and by how relevant are the competences and capabilities of universities in meeting these demands. Are they moving towards the cutting edge agendas inherent in Industry 4.0 and globalisation? Method of research: analysis of available data; information from websites and interviews with key actors who are partners in collaboration. The chapter also summarizes a few lessons which may be relevant for other economies too.


Business—university collaboration Research and development episodes Host-country of multinational companies 

List of Abbreviations


Budapest University of Technology and Economics


Business-university collaboration


Business R&D expenditure


Centre for World University Rankings


European Institute of Innovation and Technology


Eötvös Loránd University


European Patent Office


European Union


Foreign direct investment


Higher Education and Industry Cooperation Centres


Gross domestic product


Hungarian Central Statistical Office


Higher Education


Higher Education Institutes


Higher education R&D


Head quarter


Hungarian Forint (currency)

Industry 4.0

Fourth Industrial Revolution


Intellectual Property Rights


Main Science and Technology Indicators


Multinational Company


National innovation system


National Research, Development and Innovation Office


The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 


Research and development


Research, development and innovation


Science and technology


Small and Medium Enterprise


Technology Transfer Office


Triple Helix


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IKU Innovation Research CentreFinancial Research Co.BudapestHungary

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