Advertisement

Maritime Logistics in National and Regional ‘Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief’ (HADR) Scenarios

  • Pradeep ChauhanEmail author
Chapter
  • 8 Downloads
Part of the Disaster Studies and Management book series (DSDM)

Abstract

‘Humanitarian Logistics’ is a well-established field of both, ‘scholarship’ and ‘practice’ in the Armed Forces of India and forms the core element of ‘Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief’ operations, which are central to the assurance of human security at both, a national level as well as within the Indo-Pacific. Unlike in the civilian world, where ‘Humanitarian Logistics’ is less well-established a discipline than ‘Commercial Logistics’ and ‘Military Logistics’, the Indian Armed Forces—especially the Navy—have largely been successful in gainfully drawing upon the latter to provide competence and coherence to the former. This is of particular relevance given that India is viewed as a ‘net security-provider’ within the IOR and beyond—a region that is the locus of over 40% of the world’s natural- and man-made disasters (Chauhan 2016). The Navy’s response to the tsunami of December 2004 offers a telling case study of the comprehensive manner in the various intricacies of HADR Ops and Humanitarian Logistics are handled. The concept of ‘logistic bricks’ and ‘mission planning’ form important foundational elements of both, preparedness and execution. At a pan-regional level, political and cultural sensitivities need to be factored. The planning and execution methodologies of these regionally inclusive HADR operations, as also the lessons learnt from them in terms of ‘preparedness’, ‘material wherewithal’, ‘supply-chain management’ and ‘organisational structures’, are all eminently capable of being extrapolated. Emulation—by the constituent navies of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) and the Western Pacific Naval Symposium (WPNS)—of the regionally inclusive HADR missions planned and executed by the US Pacific Command is strongly recommended (Marsec News 2013).

References

  1. Chauhan, V. A. (2016). India as a net security-provider in the Indian Ocean and beyond. April 29 Retrieved January 23, 2018, from Center for International Maritime Security. http://cimsec.org/india-net-security-provider-indian-ocean-beyond/24807.
  2. Church, J. A., Clark, P. U., Clark, A., et al. (2013). Climate change 2013: The physical science basis, Chapter 13: Sea level change. In T. F. Stocker, D. Qin, G. K. Plattner et al. (Eds.), Contribution of Working Group I to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter13_FINAL.pdf. Accessed on August 12, 2015.
  3. EM-DAT—The International Disaster Database; Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), available at URL: http://www.emdat.be/. Accessed on August 8, 2015.
  4. Forbes, A. (Ed.). (2010). Sea Power Centre Australia. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from www.navy.gov.au: http://www.navy.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/SP10.pdf.
  5. Forbes, A., & Lieutenant Commander Rowena Gaffney (Ed.). (2015). Indian Ocean naval symposium. Canberra: Sea Power Centre—Australia.Google Scholar
  6. Forbes, Andrew (Ed.). (2008). Australia and its maritime interests: at home and in the region. Australia: Sea Power Centre—Australia.Google Scholar
  7. Gómez, O. A., & Des, G. (n.d.). Human security. UNDP. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/human_security_guidance_note_r-nhdrs.pdf. Accessed on August 8, 2015.
  8. Gursoy, I. E. (2010, December). Analyzing the effectiveness of logistics networks during the immediate response phase of three different natural disasters. Retrieved January 15, 2018, from Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive: https://calhoun.nps.edu/bitstream/handle/10945/10492/10Dec%255FGursoy%255FMBA.pdf?isAllowed=y&sequence=1.
  9. Hoorn, M. V. (2010). Climate change and conflict in Bangladesh. Radboud University Nijmegen, Unpublished thesis. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from Radboud University Nijmegen. http://geography2.ruhosting.nl/masterthesis/scripties/HoornMatthijsvander.pdf.
  10. Huber, C. (2014, December 19). 5 of the worst natural disasters of 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from World vision. https://www.worldvision.org/disaster-relief-news-stories/2014-top-natural-disasters.
  11. ICAO. (2005). Report of the ICAO search and rescue seminar & Sarex. ICAO Asia and Pacific Office.Google Scholar
  12. Marsec News. (2013, December 8). Navy commander set to attend Int’l Maritime Security Symposium. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from Maritime Security World. http://www.maritimesecurityworld.co.uk/navy-commander-set-to-attend-intl-maritime-security-symposium/.
  13. Medcalf, R. (2013, October 10). The Indo-Pacific: What’s in a name? The American Interest, Vol. 9, No. 2.Google Scholar
  14. Müller, J. (Ed.). (1997). Reforming the United Nations: New initiatives and past efforts, Vol. III, p. III.10/41 Section 6. Kluwer Law International, the Hague, Netherlands. http://erccportal.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ercmaps/ECDM_20141205_Philippines_HAGUPIT.pdf.
  15. Niaz, A. (2007, June 30). Retrieved January 23, 2018, from IntelliBriefs. http://intellibriefs.blogspot.in/2007_06_24_archive.html.
  16. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. (2013). Speech by Prime Minister (Mr Manmohan Singh) at the Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony for the Indian National Defence University at Gurgaon, 23 May 2013. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=96146. Accessed on August 8, 2015.
  17. Samaranayake, N. C. L. (2014). Improving U.S.–India HA/DR coordination in the Indian Ocean. Alexendria: CNA Analysis & Solutions, Strategic Studies Division.Google Scholar
  18. Tomasini, R., & Wassenhove, L. V. (2009). Humanitarian logistics. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. UNDP. (1994). Human development report 1994. Oxford University Press. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/255/hdr_1994_en_complete_nostats.pdf. Accessed on August 8, 2010.
  20. U.S. Department of Defense. (2011). Report to Congress on U.S.–India Security Cooperation. http://www.defense.gov/pubs/pdfs/20111101_NDAA_Report_on_US_India_Security_Cooperation.pdf.
  21. WMO. (2011). WMO/ESCAP panel on tropical cyclones—38th edition. World Meteorological Organization And Economic And Social Commission For Asia And The Pacific.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations