• Jan Vilhelm Bakke
  • Knut Inge Fostervold
Part of the Current Topics in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine book series (CTEHPM)


This chapter covers the following issues: air quality, thermal conditions and ventilation. It comprises ventilation, human and other sources of pollution and energy load, cooling and humidification, microbial and organic pollutions. Open shelves, fleecy surfaces, carpets and office machines can add to pollutions. An addendum is included with Norwegian ventilation requirements in non-industrial buildings.

Noise and acoustic environment, including combined effects, are important issues. Lighting and daylighting, the circadian rhythm and sleep health are important for health and productivity. Lighting design and considerations as well as individual requirements are discussed. View out through windows is important for perceived environment, productivity and health.

Office concepts and layout—“activity-based workplaces” (ABW) are important. Findings about office layout are presented. ABW can impair coping, control and productivity, particularly among those working with individual cognitive demanding work with need of privacy. Productivity loss due to disturbances, poor acoustics and noise for this group of workers is associated with reduced coping, control and health. Many perceive reduced health, job satisfaction leading to higher sickness absence and earlier pensioning.


Air quality Thermal conditions Ventilation Cooling Humidification Carpets Noise Lighting Daylight Activity-based workplaces (ABW) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Vilhelm Bakke
    • 1
  • Knut Inge Fostervold
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Labour InspectorateTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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