Advertisement

“Fear, Disgust and Dignity”: The Securitisation of Everyday Life and the New Revanchism Against the Urban Subaltern in a Working-Class Area of Madrid

  • Begoña AramayonaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

New progressive local governments (“municipalismos”) thought to be political experiments against neoliberalism at a local scale have emerged in big cities around the world. However, in Spain, this reality takes place in a context of intense economic crisis and a heritage of neoliberal policies, including the presence of a “governmentality” that repudiates and tries to make poverty invisible. In this paper, we analyse the complex network of interests in a working-class area at the outskirts of Madrid (Puente de Vallecas) that has suffered a long history of public disinvesting and is currently witnessing a process of urban renewal in its very early stages. The recent appearance of new informal drug dealers in the area has led to some spontaneous protests exerted by local residents. In this chapter, we address the ways in which resistance and (re-)appropriation strategies are exerted over the neighbourhood by different inhabitants and how fear, uncertainty and dignity collapse together in different—sometimes contradictory—discourses around “(in)security”. Particular attention is paid on how this tense scenario represents a classed and racialized struggle over the “moral ownership” of the place (Zukin 2011), and addresses some clues to understand the controversial role of Spanish new municipalities over current urban planning.

References

  1. Bonelli, L. (2015). From Worker Discipline to Improbable Security Control. In D. Ávila & S. García (Coords.), Enclaves of Risk: Gobierno neoliberal, desigualdad y control social (pp. 163–178). Madrid: Ed. Traficantes de Sueños.Google Scholar
  2. Botticelli, S. (2016). The Governmentality of the State in Foucault: A Modern Problem. Praxis Filosófica, 42, 83–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourdieu, P. (1979 [2015]). Distinction: Criteria and Social Bases of Taste. Barcelona: Penguin Random House.Google Scholar
  4. Duneier, M. (2016). Ghetto: The Invention of Place, the History of an Idea. Nueva York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.Google Scholar
  5. Foucault, M. (1978a). The Micro-Physics of Power. Madrid: La Piqueta.Google Scholar
  6. Foucault, M. (2009). Nacimiento de la biopolítica: curso del Collège de France (1978–1979) (Vol. 283). Madrid: Akal.Google Scholar
  7. Gans, H. J. (1962). The Urban Villagers: Group and Class in the Life of Italian-Americans. Nueva York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  8. García, S. (2015). Everyday Cops. In D. Ávila & S. García (Coords.), Enclaves of Risk: Gobierno neoliberal, desigualdad y control social (pp. 57–82). Madrid: Ed. Traficantes de Sueños.Google Scholar
  9. Hubbard, P., & Colosi, R. (2015). Respectability, Morality and Disgust in the Night-Time Economy: Exploring Reactions to ‘Lap Dance’ Clubs in England and Wales. The Sociological Review, 63, 782–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jaffe, R. (2012a). Talkin ‘ ’Bout the Guetto: Popular Culture and Urban Imaginaries of Immobility. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 36(4), 674–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jaffe, R. (2012b). Criminal Dons and Extralegal Security Privatization in Downtown Kingston, Jamaica. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 33, 184–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jones, O. (2011). Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class. Madrid: Capitán Swing.Google Scholar
  13. Katz, C. (2007). Banal Terrorism: Spatial Fetichism and Everyday Insecurity. In D. Gregory & A. Pred (Eds.), Violent Geographies: Fear, Terror, and Political Violence (pp. 349–361). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Koning, A., Jaffe, R., & Koster, M. (2015). Citizenship Agendas in and Beyond the Nation-State: (En)Countering Framings of the Good Citizen. Citizenship Studies, 19(2), 121–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lawler, S. (2005). ‘Disgusted Subjects’: The Making of Middle-Class Identities. The Sociological Review, 53(3), 429–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Local Council of Madrid . (2017). Annual Report on Social Vulnerability, Fondo de Reequilibrio Territorial.Google Scholar
  17. Local Police of the City of Madrid. (2017). Annual Report, Police records in Puente de Vallecas.Google Scholar
  18. Lopes De Souza, M. (2005). Urban Planning in the Age of Fear. International Development Planning Review, 27(1), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. López, I., & Rodríguez, E. (2010). End of Cycle: Financialization, Territory and Society of Owners in the Long Wave of Hispanic Capitalism (1959–2010). Madrid: Traficantes de Sueños.Google Scholar
  20. Martínez-Reguera, E. (1982). The Street Belongs to Everyone, Whose Violence Is It? Madrid: Editorial Popular.Google Scholar
  21. Mbembe, A. (2018). Políticas de la enemistad. Madrid: NED Edicines.Google Scholar
  22. McCann, E., & Ward, K. (2011). Mobile Urbanism: Cities and Policymaking in the Global Age. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  23. Ojeda, D. (2013). War and Tourism: The Banal Geographies of Security in Colombia’s “Retaking”. Geopolitics, 18, 759–778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Palomera, J. (2013). How Did Finance Capital Infiltrate the World of the Urban Poor? International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38, 218–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ruiz-Chasco, S. (2013). Governing Fear: The Social Construction of Citizen (In)Security in the Albayzín Neighbourhood. Revista de Antropología Experimental, 13, 167–183.Google Scholar
  26. Smith, N. (2002). New Globalism, New Urbanism: Gentrification as an Urban Global Strategy. Antipode, 34, 427–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stern, M. (2006). ‘We’ the Subject: The Power and Failure of (In)Security. Security Dialogue, 37(2), 187–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stern, M. (2011). Gender and Race in the European Security Strategy: Europe as a ‘Force for Good’? Journal of International Relations and Development, 14, 28–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Theodore, N., Peck, P., & Brenner, N. (2009). Neoliberal Urbanism: The City and the Empire of Markets. Journal of Social Issues, 66, 1–11.Google Scholar
  30. Tulumello, S. (2017). Fear, Space and Urban Planning. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tyler, I. (2008). “Chav Mum Chav Scum”: Class Disgust in Contemporary Britain. Feminist Media Studies, 8(1), 17–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Uitermark, J. (2007). Gentrification as a Governmental Strategy: Social Control and Social Cohesion in Hoogvliet, Rotterdam. Environmental and Planning A, 39, 125–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Uitermark, J. (2014). Integration and Control: The Governing of Urban Marginality in Western Europe. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(4), 1418–1436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wacquant, L. (1993). Urban Outcasts: Stigma and Division in the Black American Guetto and the French Urban Periphery. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 17(3), 366–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wacquant, L. (2007). Territorial Stigmatization in the Age of Advanced Marginality. Thesis Eleven, 91, 66–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wacquant, L. (2009). Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity. Barcelona: Ed. Gedisa.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ward, K. (2017). Policy Mobilities, Politics and Place: The Making of Financial Urban Futures. European Urban and Regional Studies, 25, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zukin, S. (2011). Naked City. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Autonomous University of MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations