Direct Seeding in Rice: Problems and Prospects

  • Hafeez-ur-Rehman
  • Ahmad Nawaz
  • Masood Iqbal Awan
  • Muhammad Ijaz
  • Mubshar Hussain
  • Shakeel AhmadEmail author
  • Muhammad Farooq


Rice is grown all over the world and it fulfills the dietary needs of large population across the globe. However, conventional rice production system, which involves raising of nursery seedlings followed by transplanting of those seedlings in puddled flooded soil, requires a lot of water, energy, and labor resources. Flooded rice fields are also a source of methane emission—a potent greenhouse gas. In this scenario, farmers around the world have been shifted toward water- and labor-saving direct seeding of rice. Direct seeding also reduces methane emission. In this chapter, we have highlighted issues of direct seeding of rice and have proposed strategies to uplift uptake of direct-seeded rice.


Oryza sativa Transplanted rice Direct seeded rice Water saving Weeding 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hafeez-ur-Rehman
    • 1
  • Ahmad Nawaz
    • 2
  • Masood Iqbal Awan
    • 1
  • Muhammad Ijaz
    • 2
  • Mubshar Hussain
    • 3
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 3
    Email author
  • Muhammad Farooq
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityAl-KhoudOman
  5. 5.The UWA Institute of AgricultureThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

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