Pattern and Determinants of Household Expenditure on Higher Education: Evidence from Rural Odisha

  • Pradeep Kumar ChoudhuryEmail author


This chapter examines the variability of household expenditure on higher education in rural Odisha (one of the backward states of India) and its relationship with individual, household and institutional factors. This chapter uses the data collected through a student survey in two tribal dominated districts of Odisha (Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar) in 2016–2017. In total 563 scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and other backward class students pursuing their undergraduate and postgraduate courses in 19 colleges are surveyed for the study. The findings suggest that the annual average household expenditure on higher education among marginalized sections of the society in rural Odisha is approximately 30% of the annual family income. Also, students enrolled in government and aided colleges have spent more than the students enrolled in unaided higher education institutions and interestingly; this difference is largely due to the difference in the payment of non-fee items such as private tuition, food and accommodation, transport, Internet, etc. On an average, students pay only about 5% of their total expenses in higher education as fees per year and rest on non-fee items. The pattern of household spending on higher education varies significantly between hostellers and day scholars. As expected, students belonging to poor households have invested less on higher education than the households with better income. Results also indicate pro-male bias in household spending on higher education in rural Odisha.


Household expenditure Higher education Pattern and determinants Rural Odisha 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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