Calibration of M-E PDG Rutting Model for Indian Conditions

  • Bhanoj Dokku
  • J. Murali KrishnanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 45)


Within the context of the mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide, the rut depth transfer function used consists of local calibration and material-specific coefficients. The material-specific coefficients ensure that the material-specific creep and recovery data can be used within the context of simulation for quantification of rutting. In this work, material-specific coefficients of the mix with VG30 binder were developed using repeated creep and recovery test conducted at three different temperatures and for two different confinement conditions. The axle load and traffic data from ten national highways across India were chosen, and simulations were carried out for these highways. The results from M-E PDG simulations were analyzed, and the design life in terms of rutting was estimated. In addition, the adequacy of the pavement sections provided based on Indian pavement design code for a target rut depth was investigated.


Rutting Mechanistic-empirical method Traffic Axle load Calibration Permanent deformation 



The authors thank the Department of Science and Technology for funding this investigation. The grant number is DST/TSG/STS/2011/46. The authors thank M/s V. R. Techniche, Delhi, and L&T IDPL, Chennai, for sharing the axle load data.

The authors acknowledge the opportunity provided by the 4th Conference of the Transportation Research Group of India (4th CTRG) held at IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India, between December 17, 2017, and December 20, 2017, to present the work that forms the basis of this manuscript.


  1. 1.
    Kim RY, Jadoun FM, Hou T, Muthadi N (2011) Local calibration of the MEPDG for flexible pavement design. North Carolina Department of TransportationGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    NCHRP (2004) Appendix GG-1: calibration of permanent deformation models for flexible pavements. Technical report., Accessed on 1st May 2017
  3. 3.
    Leahy RB (1989) Permanent deformation characteristics of asphalt concrete. Ph.D. thesis, University of Maryland, College ParkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aryes M Jr (2002) Unbound material rut model modification. Development of the 2002 Guide for the Design of New and Rehabilitated Pavement Structures. NCHRP 1-37AGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kaloush KE, Witczak MW (2000) Development of a permanent to elastic strain ratio model for asphalt mixtures. In: Development of the 2002 guide for the design of new and rehabilitated pavement structures. NCHRP 1-37AGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    MEPDG (2008) Mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide: a manual practice. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., USAGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nelson G, Kutay ME, Keramat D, Youtcheff J (2009) Multiaxial Strain response of asphalt concrete measured during flow number performance test. J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol 78:25–63Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    NCHRP 9-30A (2010) Calibration of rutting models for HMA structural and mixture design. Transportation Research Board of the National AcademiesGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim Y, Park HM, Aragao FT, Lutif JES (2009) Effects of aggregate structure on hot-mix asphalt rutting performance in low traffic volume local pavements. Constr Build Mater 23:2177–2182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Francken L (1977) Pavement deformation law of bituminous road mixes in repeated load triaxial compression. In: Fourth international conference on the structural design of asphalt pavements, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA, pp 483–496Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    MORTH (2013) Ministry of Road Transport & Highways: Manual for construction and supervision of flexible works. Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhou F, Scullion T, Sun L (2004) Verification and modeling of three-stage permanent deformation behavior of asphalt mixes. J Transp Eng 130(4):486–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krishnan JM, Veeraragavan A (2016) Development of warrants for the use of modified binders in Indian highways. Department of Science and Technology (India), Technical Report, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    IRC: 37-2012 (2012) Guidelines for the design of flexible pavements. Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cube Highways and Transportation Assets Advisors (P) LimitedNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIIT MadrasMadrasIndia

Personalised recommendations