Risk Assessment and Profiling of Co-occurring Contaminations with Mycotoxins
Food safety has generally remained a basic but compulsory needs to human beings, while ensuring the safety of foods has been a major focus of international and national actions. Humans can be externally and internally exposed to mycotoxin contaminations through a variety of routes, such as contaminations from the circumstantial environment, water, and food consumption. Among those mentioned exposure, food consumption is highly recognized as the main resource of human exposure to mycotoxin contaminations. More obviously, the direct exposure is almost through the consumption of contaminated cereal-based foods and animal-borne foods. Mycotoxin’s exposure evaluation through total diet studies (TDS) has been conducted in several countries worldwide.This chapter features an overview of occurrence and dietary exposure assessment through TDS studies of co-occurring mycotoxins in a variety of foods. Also, little progress via biomarker analysis in human urine had been made regarding to more accurate risk assessment via the so-called internal exposure assessment, likely on DON and ZEN for different populations in Europe and China.
KeywordsRisk assessment Risk profiling Consumption data Exposure assessment Mycotoxins
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