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Protein Structure and Function in Aging and Age-Related Diseases

  • Anshumali MittalEmail author
  • Pramod C. Rath
Chapter
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

Aging is not a disease, but a complex process driven by diverse molecular pathways and biochemical events. It is usually seen as the reason of progressive loss of physiological functions that ultimately lead to death. Every species is associated with an average life expectancy, and therefore it is plausible to think that aging is programmed in our genes. Genes exert their effects by gene expression that is coupled with protein synthesis. Proteins are most abundant and structurally diverse, perform wide variety of roles, and in part maintain functional stability and homeostasis of cells. Protein misfolding, aggregation, or an alteration in protein–protein/nucleic acid/lipid interactions and modifications has the potential to disturb many metabolic pathways. During aging such alterations are accelerated and accumulations of altered proteins are correlated with age- and disease-related pathologies. Therefore, it is critical to identify and understand proteomic spectrum and its functional implications in the aging process. Protein structure and integrity of function in protein synthesis, accuracy, posttranslational modifications, and their role in metabolic pathways and associated diseases are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Protein damage Protein modifications in aging Age-related diseases Neurodegenerative disorders 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank Dr. Vikash Verma (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA) for critical reading of the manuscript and valuable comments.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and MicrobiologyTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Molecular Biology Laboratory, School of Life SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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