Advertisement

Corporatist Representation Via People’s Congress: An Aspect on the State–Society Relationship in Contemporary China

  • Jing Qian
Chapter

Abstract

The third generation of contemporary Chinese studies aims to depict changes in China via examination of the interaction between state and society (Harding 1984; Perry 1994). This paper takes on the wave of the third generation, aiming to analyze roles of legislatures in shaping the state–society relationship in a decentralized authoritarian regime with marketization and economic development for over three decades.

Keywords

Plenary Session Social Sector Interest Representation State Elite Party Committee 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

English

  1. Bridgham, Philip L. 1965. The National People’s Congress. The China Quarterly 22: 62–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brook, T., and B. Michael Frolic (eds.). 1997. Civil Society in China, 1997. New York: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  3. Burton, C. 1990. Political and Social Changes in China since 1978. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  4. Cabestan, Jean-Pierre. 2006. More power to the People’s Congresses? Parliaments and parliamentarianism in the People’s Republic of China. ASIEN 99: 42–69.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, A. 1999. Restructuring political power in China: Alliance and opposition, 1978–98. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Chen, J., and Yang Zhong. 2002. Why do people vote in semicompetitive elections in China? The Journal of Politics 64(1): 178–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cho, Y.N. 2009. Local People’s Congresses in China: Development and transition. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Collier, D., and Ruth Berins Collier. 1979. Inducements versus constraints: Disaggregating ‘corporatism’. The American Political Science Review 73(4): 967–986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collier, D., and Ruth Berins Collier. 1977. Who does what, to whom, and how: Toward a comparative analysis of Latin American corporatism. Authoritarianism and corporatism in Latin America, ed. Malloy, James M. Pittsburgh, 489–512. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  10. Ding, Yijiang. 2001. Chinese Democracy after Tiananmen. Vancouver: UBC Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dowdle, M.W. 1997. The constitutional development and operations of the National People’s Congress. Columbia Journal of Asian Law 11(1): 1–126.Google Scholar
  12. Falkenheim, V. C., ed. 1987. Citizens and groups in contemporary China. Michigan monographs in Chinese studies, vol. 56. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  13. Fewsmith, J. 2004. Pressures for expanding local-level democracy. China Leadership Monitor 12: 1–10.Google Scholar
  14. Gilley, B., and Larry Diamond (eds.). 2008. Political Change in China: Comparisons with Taiwan. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers. 2008.Google Scholar
  15. Ginsburg, T., and Hongyi Chen (eds.). 2009. Administrative law and governance in Asia: Comparative perspectives. Routledge Law in Asia Series. London: Routledge. 2009.Google Scholar
  16. Goldman, M., and Ashley Esarey. 2008. Intellectual pluralism and dissent. In Political change in China: Comparison with Taiwan, ed. Gilley, Bruce and Larry Diamond, 49–78. New York: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Goldman, M., and Roderick MacFarquhar, eds. 1999. The Paradox of China’s Post-Mao Reforms. Harvard Contemporary China Series, vol. 12. Cambridge: Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar
  18. Goldman, M., and Elizabeth J. Perry, eds. 2002. Changing meanings of citizenship in modern China. Harvard Contemporary China Series, vol. 13. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Green, Marcus. 1964. The National People’s Congress. The China Quarterly 17: 241–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Guo, Xiaoqin. 2003. State and society in china’s democratic transition: Confucianism, leninism, and economic development. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Harding, Harry. 1984. The STudy of Chinese Politics: Toward a third generation of scholarship. World Politics 36(2): 284–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jacobs, J.Bruce. 1991. Elections in China. The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 25: 171–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lai, Hongyi Harry. 2001. Legislative activism and effectiveness of provincial delegates at the 1988 NPC. Issues & Studies 37(1): 73–101.Google Scholar
  24. Landry, P.F. 2008. Decentralized authoritarianism in China. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lehmbruch, Gerhard. 1977. Liberal corporatism and party government. Comparative Political Studies 10(1): 91–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li, Fan. 2006a. Manipulation in the Local Peoples Congress Deputy General Election (2006, 28 February). The World and China Institute http://www.world-china.org/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1786 (consulted May 11, 2009).
  27. Li, Fan. 2006b. The incident of the election of deputies to the Peoples Congress in Shenzhen and its significance to the electoral reform of deputies to the Peoples Congress at the basic level in China (28 February 2006). The World and China Institute. http://www.world-china.org/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1785 (consulted May 11, 2009).
  28. Li, Fan. 2007. Lu Banglie on his experience in the People’s Congress Deputy Election (9 April 2007). The World and China Institute. http://www.world-china.org/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1832 (consulted May 11, 2009).
  29. Lin, Sen. 1992–1993. A new pattern of democratization in China: The increase of provincial powers in economic legislation. China Information 7(3): 27–38.Google Scholar
  30. Lum, Thomas. 2006 May 8. Social unrest in China. CRS Report for Congress. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33416.pdf (consulted April 11, 2011).
  31. MacFarquhar, Roderick. 1998. Reports from the field: Provincial People’s Congresses. The China Quarterly 155: 656–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Manion, Melanie. 2000. Chinese democratization in perspective: Electorates and selectorates at the township level. The China Quarterly 163: 764–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McCormick, Barrett L. 1990. Political reform in Post-Mao China, democracy and bureaucracy in a Leninist State. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  34. McCormick, Barrett L., and Jonathan Unger (eds.). 1996. China after socialism: In the footsteps of Eastern Europe or East Asia?, 1996. New York: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  35. Nathan, Andrew. 1997. China’s transition. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Nathan, Andrew. 2003. Authoritarian resilience. Journal of Democracy 14(1): 6–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. O’Brien, Kevin. 1994. Agents and remonstrators: Role accumulation by Chinese People’s Congress Deputies. The China Quarterly 138: 359–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. O’Brien, Kevin. 1990. Reform without liberalization: China’s National People’s Congress and the politics of institutional change. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. O’Brien, Kevin 1988. China’s National People’s Congress: Reform and its limits. Legislative Studies Quarterly 13(3) 343–74.Google Scholar
  40. O’Brien, Kevin. 2009. Local people’s congresses and governing China. China Journal 61: 131–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. O’Brien, Kevin. 1996. Rightful resistance. World Politics 49(1): 31–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. O’Brien, Kevin, and Laura M. Luehrmann. 1998. Institutionalizing Chinese legislatures: Trade-offs between autonomy and capacity. Legislative Studies Quarterly 23(1): 91–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. O’Brien, Kevin J., and Lianjiang Li. 1995. The politics of lodging complaints in rural China. The China Quarterly 143: 756–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Oi, Jean. 1989. State and peasant in contemporary China: The political economy of village government. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  45. Oscar, Almén. 2005. Authoritarianism constrained: Role of local people’s congress in China. Ph.D. dissertation, Goteborg University.Google Scholar
  46. Panitch, Leo V. Corporatism. The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0001939 (consulted April 11, 2011).
  47. Pei, Minxin. 2006. China’s trapped transition: The limits of developmental autocracy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pei, Minxin. 1995. Creeping democratization in China. Journal of Democracy 6(4): 65–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Perry, Elizabeth J. 1994. Trends in the study of Chinese Politics: State-society relations. The China Quarterly 139: 704–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pomfret, John. 2002. Bringing revolution to China’s villages: Democracy activists challenge old guard. Washington Post, September 15.Google Scholar
  51. Qian, Jing. 2009. Corporatist legislature: Authoritarianism, representation and local people’s congress in Zhejiang. LL.M. thesis, University of Victoria.Google Scholar
  52. Rosenthal, Elisabeth. 2002, 8 March. Far from Beijing, a semblance of democracy. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  53. Schmitter, Philippe C. 1974. Still the century of corporatism. The Review of Politics 36(1): 85–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Shi, Kaihu. 1993. Representation without democratization: The signature incident and China’s National People’s Congress. Journal of Contemporary China 2: 1.Google Scholar
  55. Solinger, Dorothy J. 1982. The Fifth National People’s Congress and the process of policy-making: Reform, readjustment and opposition. Asian Survey 22(12): 1238–1275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stepan, Alfred. 1978. The state and society: Peru in comparative perspective. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Tanner, Murray Scot. 1999a. The National People’s Congress. In The Paradox of China’s Post-Mao Reforms, ed. Goldman, Merle and Roderick MacFarquhar, 100–128. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Tanner, Murray Scot. 1994. Organization and politics in China’s Post-Mao law-making system. Domestic Law Reforms in Post-Mao China, 56–93. ed. Potter, Pitman B. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  59. Tanner, Murray Scot. 1999b. The politics of lawmaking in China: Institutions, processes and democratic prospects. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tong, Yanqi and Lei, Shaohua. 2010. Chinese government learning to live with social protests. EAI Background Brief No. 521. http://www.eai.nus.edu.sg/BB521.pdf (consulted April 11, 2011).
  61. Walder, Andrew G. 1988. Communist neo-traditionalism: Work and authority in Chinese Industry. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  62. Walder, Andrew G. and Zhao, Litao. 2007, November 6. China’s social protests: Political threat or growing pains? EAI Background Brief No. 357. http://www.eai.nus.edu.sg/BB357.pdf (consulted April 11, 2011).
  63. White, Gordon. 1993. Prospects for civil society in China: A case study of Xiaoshan City. The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 29: 63–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wright, Teresa. 2010. Accepting authoritarianism: State-society relations in China’s reform era. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Wu, Guoguang. 2005. The anatomy of political power in China. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Academic.Google Scholar
  66. Xia, Ming. 1998. China’s National People’s Congress: Institutional transformation in the process of regime transition 1978–98. The Journal of Legislative Studies 4(4): 103–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Xia, Ming. 2000a. The dual developmental state: Development strategy and institutional arrangements for China’s transition. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  68. Xia, Ming. 2000b. Political contestation and the emergence of the Provincial People’s Congresses as power in Chinese Politics: A network explanation. Journal of Contemporary China 9(24): 185–214.Google Scholar
  69. Xia, Ming. 2008. The People’s Congresses and Governance in China: Toward a network mode of governance. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  70. Xia, Ming. The communist party of China and the ‘party-state’. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/ref/college/coll-china-politics-002.html (consulted April 11, 2011).
  71. Xiao, Gongqin. 2003. The rise of the technocrats. Journal of Democracy 14(1): 60–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Yao, Lifa. 2009. Yao Lifa on 2006 Qianjiang People’s Congress Deputy Election (9 April 2007). The World and China Institute. http://www.world-china.org/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1834 (11 May 2009).
  73. Yep, R. 2000. The limitations of corporatism for understanding reforming China: An empirical analysis in a rural county. Journal of Contemporary China 9(25): 547–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Yu, George T. 1964. The 1962 and 1963 sessions of the National People’s Congress of Communist. Asian Survey 4(8): 981–990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Non-English: Legislation

  1. Agriculture Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, 1954, 1982.Google Scholar
  4. Employment Promotion Law of the People’s Republic of China, 2008.Google Scholar
  5. Electoral Law of the People’s Republic of China on the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2011.Google Scholar
  6. Organic Law of the Local People’s Congresses and Local People’s Governments of the People’s Republic of China, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1995, 2004.Google Scholar
  7. Law of the People’s Republic of China on Deputies to the National People’s Congress and to the Local People’s Congresses at Various Levels, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. Trade Union Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1992.Google Scholar
  9. Labour Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1994.Google Scholar
  10. Labour Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China, 2008.Google Scholar
  11. Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of the Elderly, 1996.Google Scholar
  12. Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Women’s Rights and Interests, 2005.Google Scholar
  13. Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Promotion of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 2003.Google Scholar
  14. Regulation on the Implementation of the Employment Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China, 2008.Google Scholar
  15. Regulation on Registration and Administration of Social Organizations of the People’s Republic of China, 1998.Google Scholar
  16. Regulations on Foundation Administration of the People’s Republic of China, 2004.Google Scholar
  17. Production Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China, 2002.Google Scholar
  18. Provisional Regulations for the Registration Administration of People-Run non-Enterprise Units of the People’s Republic of China, 1998.Google Scholar
  19. The Common Program of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, 1949.Google Scholar

Secondary Materials

  1. Cai, Dingjian ed. 2002. Zhongguo xuanju zhuangkuang de baogao (reports on elections in China) Beijing: Law Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cai, Dingjian (ed.). 2003. Zhongguo renmin daibiao dahui zhidu (The Institution of the Chinese People’s Congress), 4th ed. Beijing: Law Press.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, Zhao, Lu Ming and He Junzhi. 2008. Quanshi yu qiyejia canzheng yizheng” (Power and political participation of private entrepreneurs) Shijie jingji (the Journal of World Economy) 1 July 2008. China Elections and Governance. http://www.chinaelections.org/newsinfo.asp?newsid=156007 (consulted June 1, 2009).
  4. Chun’an Xian CLPCSC ed. 2004. Chun’anxian Rendazhi (History of County C CLPC). Hangzhou: Zhejiang Sheying Press.Google Scholar
  5. Deng, Xiaoping 1993. Deng Xiaoping wenxuan (Selected Works of Deng Xiaopinng), vols. 2 & 3. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.Google Scholar
  6. Gong, Renren 2005. Buqizhi yuanze he zhongguo nongmin quanli (The Principle of Non-discrimination and Peasants’ Rights in China). In Yi quanli wei jichu cujin fazhan (Development Based on Rights). Beijing: Beijing University Press.Google Scholar
  7. He, Junzhi. 2005. Zhidu dengdai liyi: xianji renda zhidu chengzhang moshi yanjiu (Institutionalization awaits interests: a study on developmental models of County People’s Congress) Chongqing: Chongqing Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  8. Liu, zhi et al. eds. 2001. Shuju xuanju—renda daibiao tongji yanjiu (Data of elections—Statistical Research of People’s Deputies) Beijing: China Social Science Press.Google Scholar
  9. Liu, Ya. 2003. Jiceng ‘renda’ daibiao xuanjue toushi—yi Shenzhen ‘feizhuzhi timing’ houxuanren canxuan wei yanjiu duixiang (A case-study on “independent nominee” in ShenZhen). Zhongguo nongcun yanjiu wang (28 October 2003). China Elections and Governance http://www.chinaelections.org/newsinfo.asp?newsid=49347 (consulted June 1, 2009).
  10. Li, Li (ed.). 2005. Shiyiwu shiqi Zhejiang shehui zhuyi minzhu fazhi jianshe yanjiu (Socialist democracy and rule of law in Zhejiang during the eleventh five-year period), 2005. Hangzhou: Zhejiang’ People’s Press.Google Scholar
  11. Tao, Weihua. 2008. Yiwei daibiao houxuanren de feidianxing jingli (An Untypical Experience of a PD Election Nominee) Xiaokang Zazhi (3 March 2008). China Elections and Governance. http://www.chinaelections.org/NewsInfo.asp?NewsID=124831 (consulted June 1, 2009).
  12. Wen, Li and Liu Ling. 2011. Duihua minzheng buzhang: rangdu gengda kongjian gei shehui liliang (A dialogue with the minister of civil affairs: Give more room to the societal forces). Caijing guojia zhoukan (Economy & Nation Weekly). http://www.chinaelections.org/Newsinfo.asp?NewsID=204017 (consulted April 11, 2011).
  13. Wu, Guoguang and Zheng Yongnian. 1995. Lun zhong yang - di fang guan xi: Zhongguo zhi du zhuan xing zhong de yi ge zhou xin wen ti (On Central-Local Relations: One Core Issue in China’s Institutional Transition). Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Zhang, Qianfan. 2007. Ruhe rang minzhu yunzhuan qilai: yetan xianxiang renda xuanju zhi wanshan (Making Democracy Work: Improving Direct Elections of PDs to CPC and TPC) (25 January 2007). China Elections and Governance. http://www.chinaelections.org/printnews.asp?newsid=101969 (consulted June 2, 2009).
  15. Zhang, Qianfan. 2011. Renda daibiao ‘bei ding ti’ de zhengjie he chulu (The Reason and Solution of “arranged replacement” of People’s Deputies). http://blog.caing.com/article/16512/ (consulted May 26, 2011).
  16. Zhao, Xiaoli. 2008. Gaijin renda daibiao minge fenpai zhidu (Improving the Quota Distribution of PCs). Zhongguo gaige (11 March 2008). China Elections and Governance. http://www.chinaelections.org/NewsInfo.asp?NewsID=124155 (consulted June, 2 2009).
  17. Zhang, Fuliang. 2006. Zhengzhi zhidu de queshi yu nongmin quanyi baohu (Absence of Institutional Protection of Peasants’ Rights) (3 April 2006). China Elections and Governance. http://www.chinaelections.org/newsinfo.asp?newsid=40714 (consulted June, 2 2009).
  18. Zhang, Jianfeng. 2009. Duli renda daibiao shinian fuchen (Ten years of “independent” people’s deputies) (5 August 2009). Nanfeng Chuang. http://www.nfcmag.com/articles/1583/page/1 (consulted June 2, 2009).
  19. Zhu, Ling. 2006. Wo fandui: yige renda daibiao de canzheng chuanqi (I Object: a legendary political participation of one people’s deputy). Hainan: Hainan Chubanshe.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard Kennedy SchoolAsia Society Policy InstituteNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations