Ethnic Populations as Natural Systems: Internal Relations and Behavioral Properties
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Since 2000, the internal driving forces and external conditions for human development have changed drastically. More than four decades after China’s family planning policy went into effect, the country has seen notable decrease in its population growth rates and other demographic changes. These developments have alleviated pressure on resource and environment, facilitated economic growth and social progress, improved Chinese people’s quality of life and contributed towards the country’s modernization. Slowdown of population growth is also crucial for the Chinese government’s goal to secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. In the future, the general demographic trend in China will be as follows: population growth will continue to slow down and the total population will peak around 2030; working-age population will shrink, and the percentage of elderly people in the labor force will grow; the aging challenge will worsen, with the proportion of children decreasing; mobility of population will remain high, leading to higher population concentration levels; sex ratio at birth will gradually return to normal, and family forms will become increasingly diversified; minority ethnic population will increase, and population growth will vary across the country.