ICPES 2019 pp 99-110 | Cite as

Voltage Unbalance Mitigation Using Controlled Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Strategy

  • Trinnapop BoonsengEmail author
  • Anawach Sangswang
  • Sumate Naetiladdanon
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 669)


In the near future, electric vehicles (EV) will play an important role in society around the globe and affect the electrical power system. For instance, there would sometimes be a period of electric shortage in a case of high volume of electric consumption. This sample issue might be prevented by enacting a policy of charging EV during the peak time of electric consumption. Apart from the electric shortage during the peak hours, voltage unbalance could also be another concern due to the fact that most EV stations are supplied by single phase electricity. Many previous researches have used V2G as an ancillary source supporting peak demand and frequency regulation. This research presents a method to mitigate the problem of voltage unbalance by utilizing vehicle to grid technology management. The EVs are tested IEEE 14 Bus model using DigSILENT PowerFactory Programming. The results show that when V2G mode in EVs is managed by discharging them at selected for a suitable number of EV customers. The Voltage Unbalance Factor (VUF) decreases and satisfies the IEC standard.


V2G Voltage unbalance Distribution system EV demand Charging/discharging Power quality 


  1. 1.
    McCarthy, D., Wolfs, P.: The HV system impacts of large scale electric vehicle deployment in a metropolitan area. In: 20th Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, Dec 2010Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aljanad, A., Mohamed, A (2015) Impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle on power distribution system considering vehicle to grid technology: a review. J Appl Sci Eng Technol 1404–1413Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Panich S, Govind Singh J (2015) Impact of plug-in electric vehicles on voltage unbalance in distribution system. Int J Eng Sci Technol 7(3):76–93Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hassan Mohamed T, Ahmed Hassan H (2018) Terminal voltage and power regulation using vehicle-to-grid (V2G) schemes connected to a two area power system. In: 20th international Middle East power system conference (MEPCON), Dec 2018Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kaufmann A (2017) Vehicle-to-grid business model entering the swiss energy market. Master Thesis, Institute of Economy and Environment, Univ. St GallenGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dubey A, Santoso S (2015) Electric vehicle charging on residential distribution system: impacts and mitigations. IEEE Access 3:1871–1893Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    American National Standard for Electric Power System and Equipment Voltage Ratings (2011) ANSI Standard C84.1–2011Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Voltage Characteristics of Public Distribution System (2011) ISO Standard IN EN 50160Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    IEC Standard 62196 (2014) Plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors and vehicle inlets conductive charging of electric vehiclesGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    SAE Standard J1772 (2013) SAE electric vehicle and plug in hybrid electric vehicle conductive charge couplerGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Berthold F, Ravey A (2015) Design and development of a smart control strategy for plug-in hybrid vehicles including vehicle-to-home functionality. IEEE Trans Transp Electr 3:168–177Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Uwakwe C, Mahajan M (2017) Modeling of V2G net energy injection into the grid. In: 6th international conference on clean electrical power (ICCEP), Aug 2017Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Han H, Huang D, Liu D, Li Q (2017) Autonomous frequency regulation control of V2G (vehicle to grid) system. In: 29th Chinese control and decision conference (CCDC), May 2017Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Klayklueng T, Dechanupaprittha S (2013) Impact analysis of EVs charging in low voltage system using DIgSILENT. EECON-36, 11–13, Dec 2013Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Klayklueng T, Dechanupaprittha S (2015) Impact analysis on voltage unbalance of plug-in electric vehicle home charging in thailand distribution system. In: 23rd international conference on electricity distribution, June 2015Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ranathunga RMGD, Samaliarachchi LA (2017) Impact of electric vehicle load on the system load profile of Sri Lanka. J Inst Eng Sri LankaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trinnapop Boonseng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anawach Sangswang
    • 1
  • Sumate Naetiladdanon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringKing Mongkut’s University of TechnologyThonburiThailand

Personalised recommendations