ICPES 2019 pp 15-30 | Cite as

Effects of PV Modules Temperature Variations on the Characteristic of PV Array

  • Gholamreza FarahaniEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 669)


This paper simulates the effects of photovoltaic (PV) module temperature variations on the different characteristic of PV array with MATLAB/Simulink software. Four classification for temperature variations of PV module have been defined that are soft uniform, hard uniform, soft nonuniform and hard nonuniform temperature variations. The changes of five parameters of the PV array that are maximum output power (MOP), open circuit voltage (VOC), short circuit current (ISC), fill factor (F.F.) and efficiency have been investigated under four temperature classification. The results are shown that in the two first classes and different scenarios in each class, the MOP, VOC, F.F. and efficiency are monotonically increasing with decreasing the uniform temperature while the ISC of PV array decreases with decreasing the uniform temperature. For nonuniform temperature variations, the MOP, VOC and efficiency have reverse relationship with temperature variations but for two other parameters ISC and F.F., there is not any direct relationship. Also for all classes, always the relationship of five parameters with temperature variations is nonlinear.


PV array Efficiency Maximum output power Shading 



Fill Factor


Short Circuit Current




Maximum Output Power


Maximum Power Point






Open Circuit Voltage


  1. 1.
    Mughal S, Sood YR, Jarial RK (2018) A review on solar photovoltaic technology and future trends. Int J Sci Res Comput Sci Eng Inf Technol 4:227–235Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Teo JC, Tan RHG, Mok VH, Ramachandaramurthy VK, Tan C (2018) Impact of partial shading on the P-V characteristics and the maximum power of a photovoltaic string. Energies 11(1860):1–22Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fadliondi F, Isyanto H, Budiyanto B (2018) Bypass diodes for improving solar panel performance. Int J Electr Comput Eng 8(5):2703–2708Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Al Mansur A, Amin Md R, Islam KK (2019) Performance comparison of mismatch power loss minimization techniques in series-parallel PV array configurations. Energies 12(874)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goss B, Cole I, Betts T, Gottschalg R (2014) Irradiance modelling for individual cells of shaded solar photovoltaic arrays. Sol Energy 110:410–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Patel H, Agarwal V (2008) MATLAB-based modeling to study the effects of partial shading on PV array characteristics. IEEE Trans Energy Convers 23(1)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mandadapu U, Vedanayakam SV, Thyagarajan K (2017) Effect of temperature and irradiance on the electrical performance of a PV module. Int J Adv Res 5(3):2018–2027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bikaneria J, Joshi SP, Joshi AR (2013) Modeling and simulation of PV cell using one-diode model. Int J Sci Res Publ 3(10)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Davies L, Thornton R, Hudson P, Ray B (2018) Automatic detection and characterization of partial shading in PV system. In: IEEE 7th world conference on photovoltaic energy conversion, HI, 10–15 June 2018Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Information TechnologyIranian Research Organization for Science and TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations