Advertisement

Informed Architecture and Clay Materials. Overview of the Main European Research Paths

  • Angelo FigliolaEmail author
  • Alessandra Battisti
Chapter
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

The chapter proposes a reflection on the role of technological modernization in the reintroduction of ancient construction techniques and traditional materials, commonly used in the Mediterranean. The continuous flow of traditions and innovations has affected architecture through the introduction of materials and construction technologies for the development of dwellings and later of cities and infrastructures. Stone, clay, as well as wood, have for a long time represented the constituent elements of an architecture shaped by places and cultures. The advent of modernity has radically transformed this relationship by bringing architecture back to a partial homogenization driven by mass production of building components. In the Anthropocene era, the diffusion of information technology processes and modern manufacturing technologies is a stimulus for the reintroduction of traditional materials and techniques within a new tectonic vision to recreate the correlation between project, material, and process production which was a characterizing element of Mediterranean architecture. The analysis focuses on the relationship between computational design, digital fabrication, and clay in the creation of informed technological systems in order to demonstrate how it is possible to reinterpret ancient knowledge through innovative technologies.

Keywords

Clay design Parametric design Fabrication strategies Informed technological systems Complex clay structures Optimization of clay technological devices. 

References

  1. 1.
    Abufalia D (2013) Il grande mare. Storia del Mediterraneo, Mondadori, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Battisti A (2014) Pensiero globale. Riqualificazione locale. Azione sociale. In: AA. VV., LECTURES#2, Rdesignpress. Roma, pp 180–197Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bottero M, Rossi G, Scudo G, Silvestrini G (1984) Architettura Solare. Tecnologie passive ed analisi costi benefici. CLUP, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Braudel F (2002) Il Mediterraneo. Bompiani, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Correia M, Dipasquale L, Mecca S (2014) Versus: heritage for tomorrow. Vernacular knowledge for sustainable architecture. Firenze University Press, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crutzen P (2005) Benvenuti nell’Antropocene. Mondadori, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Forlani MC (2004) La proposta di una nuova “Tecnica Antica”. Tecnologie e manutenzione per i paesi in via di sviluppo. In: Missori A (eds) Tecnologia, progetto, manutenzione/ scritti sulla produzione edilizia in ricordo di G. Ferracuti, Franco Angeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hensel MU (2013) Performance-oriented architecture: rethinking architectural design and the built environment. Wiley, ChicesterCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mecca S, Bati S, Forlani MC, Germanà ML (2011) Earth/Land. Edizioni ETS, CarraraGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rauch M, Kapfinger O (2001) Rammed earth: Terra Cruda. Birkhauser, BaselGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rykwert J (2008) La seduzione dei luoghi. Einaudi, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Trombetta C (2002) L’attualità del pensiero di Hassan Fathy nella cultura tecnologica contemporanea. Il luogo, l’ambiente e la qualità dell’architettura. Rubbettino, CatanzatoGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bechthold M, King N, Kane A (2015) Ceramic material system in architecture and interior design. Birkhauser Verlag Gmbh, BaselCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bechthold M, King J, Kane A, Niemasz J, Reinhart C (2011) Integrated environmental design and robotic fabrication workflow for ceramic shading systems. In: International symposium on automation and robotics in construction, proceedings of the 28th ISARC, Seoul, Korea, pp 70–75Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bechthold M (2013) Design robotics: new strategies for material system research. In: Peters B, Peters T (eds) Inside smart geometry. John Wiley & Sons, London, pp 254–267Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Andreani S, Garcia del Castillo JL, Jyoti A, King N, Bechthold M (2012) Flowing matter: robotic fabrication of complex ceramic systems. In: Proceedings ISARC 2012. Eindhoven, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Andreani S, Bechthold M (2014) [R]evolving brick: geometry and performance innovation in ceramic building systems through design robotics. In: Gramazio F, Kohler M, Langenberg S (eds) FABRICATE: negotiating design & making. Gta Verlag, Zurich, pp 182–190Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tedeschi A, Wirz F (2014) AAD-Algorithms-aided design: parametric strategies using grasshopper. Le Penseur publisher, BrienzaGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Friedman J, Heamin K, Mesa O (2014) Woven clay. In: Gerber D, Huang A, Sanchez J (eds) Design agency: Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the association for computer aided design in architecture, ACADIA. Riverside Architectural Press, pp 223–226Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Friedman J, Kim H, Mesa O (2014) Experiments in additive clay deposition. In: Mcgee W, Ponce de Leon M (eds) Robotic fabrication in architecture, art and design 2014. Springer, New York, pp 261–272Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mostafavi S, Bier H, Bodea S, Anton AM (2015) Informed design to robotic production systems. In: Martens B, Wurzer G, Grasl T, Lorenz W, Schaffranek R (eds) Real time–proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe conference. Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, pp 287–29Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mostafavi S, Bier H (2016) Materially informed design to robotic production: a robotic 3D printing system for informed material deposition. In: Reinhardt D, Saunders P, Burry J (eds) Robotic fabrication in architecture, art and design 2016. Springer International Publishing, pp 339–349Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Persiani S, Battisti A (2015) Componenti Innovativi in Argilla per l’Architettura Sostenibile: Elementi Massivi a Prestazioni migliorate. Edizioni Accademiche ItalianeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planning, D&T of ArchitectureSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations