Conceptual Frameworks

  • Sanjay Kumar PradhanEmail author


The chapter tries to explain the concept of geopolitics of energy, energy security, and energy factor in international relations. This chapter further contextualizes these aspects in the Indian scenario. Since oil and natural gas is a strategic resource and global competition happens for this limited resource, energy geopolitics tries to explain both conflicting and complimentary interest of the both energy supplier and energy importing countries and regions in the world. Geopolitics and internal domestic issues many times in the oil-rich countries result in war, civil war, low-intensity warfare and oil black market, which have adverse impact on oil production, refining and supply process. Energy security tries to explain these aspects in the global energy trade and investment. Since India is the third largest importer and consumer of oil and natural gas energy, energy security has been well integrated to the fulcrum of India’s national security. As there has been dependence and interdependence among the oil-producing and oil-consuming countries, the chapter tries to explain cooperation or conflict among these nations through various perspectives in international relations, such as realism, structural realism, neoliberal institutionalism, complex interdependence and international political economy. Along with these aspects, the chapter will focus on energy security from the Indian perspective which covers India’s energy requirements, origin and growth of India’s oil and natural gas sector, India in the global energy trade and investment, and the policy perspectives to ensure energy security for India.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International RelationsPandit Deendayal Petroleum UniversityGandhinagarIndia

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