Population Growth’s Effect on Economic Development in Rwanda

  • Daniel Ruturwa SebikabuEmail author
  • Eric Ruvuna
  • Martin Ruzima
Part of the Frontiers in African Business Research book series (FABR)


Population growth plays a crucial role in every country’s development process. Thus, both demographers and development economists emphasize on the population growth–economic development nexus. This study explores the effects of population growth on economic development in Rwanda over the period of 1974–2013. The study uses data from the World Development Indicators (WDI) and uses economic growth as a proxy for economic development and the neoclassical growth model to capture the effects of population growth on economic development. It also uses the ARDL technique for a time series analysis. In the long run, ARDL results show that the population growth has a positive and statistically significant impact on economic development. In the short run, population growth does not have any significant impact on economic development in Rwanda. Based on the findings, the study recommends that policymakers should keep controlling the population growth rate for economic development.


Population growth Economic development ARDL Rwanda 

JEL Classification Codes

A10 J11 J13 O11 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Ruturwa Sebikabu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Ruvuna
    • 2
  • Martin Ruzima
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied Statistics, School of EconomicsUniversity of RwandaKigaliRwanda
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Management, Business and Development Studies FacultyKibogora PolytechnicNyamashekeRwanda
  3. 3.Institute of Policy Analysis and Research - Rwanda (IPAR-Rwanda)KigaliRwanda

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