Economic Load Dispatch with Valve Point Loading Effect Using Optimization Techniques

  • Sachin PrakashEmail author
  • Jyoti Jain
  • Shahbaz Hasnat
  • Nikhil Verma
  • Sachin
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1164)


Economic load dispatch is a method to meet the load demands at minimum cost and losses that may occur at the same time. The practical generation units involve the complex limitations. Among these limitations, valve point loading effect is considered. ELD problem can be solved using various intelligent optimization techniques. In this paper, ELD problem has been solved for IEEE 13-bus system using two intelligent techniques, namely bacterial foraging optimization (BFO) algorithm and particle swarm optimization (PSO). These techniques are inspired by the biological evolution of the living organisms. The results of two algorithms have been compared.


Economic dispatch problem (EDP) Valve point loading effect Evolutionary optimization techniques Particle swarm optimization (PSO) Bacterial foraging optimization algorithm (BFOA) 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sachin Prakash
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jyoti Jain
    • 1
  • Shahbaz Hasnat
    • 1
  • Nikhil Verma
    • 1
  • Sachin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringMaharaja Surajmal Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia

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