Application of Nanomaterials: Overview and Historical Perspectives

  • Samuel Sami-HowardEmail author


Nanotechnology in the last few years has gained important and critical recognition in different fields and applications. Nano-fluids are fluids containing suspension of nanometer-sized particles. Their importance arose due to the need to enhance thermal performance of energy and thermal systems with noninvasive techniques. Nano-fluids have superior thermal properties over the base fluids such as water, mineral oil, vegetable oil, thermal oil, and synthetic oil. This feature makes them very attractive as heat transfer fluids in many applications and manufacturing processes. Nano-fluids have been recognized as nanoparticle of suspensions (1–100 nm) in a base fluid. Nano-fluids have other applications in biotechnology applications for drug delivery and advanced sensors technology. Nanoparticles are prepared from metal oxides, metals, or carbon in different forms. This chapter is intended to focus on the nanoparticle’s characteristics, behavior in applications such as momentum and mass, enhanced energy, and heat transfer, and, enhancement of solar energy applications. Other applications involving nanomaterials were also presented and discussed.


Nanotechnology Status Types Applications of nanobiotechnology 



This study is funded by the “Catholic University of Cuenca” and the research work presented in this chapter was due to the support of the “Catholic University of Cuenca.” The author declares that he has no competing interests. The author has contributed completely in the conception and design of this chapter.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TransPacific Energy, IncLas VegasUSA
  2. 2.Research Center for Renewable Energy, Catholic University of CuencaCuencaEcuador

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