Analysis of Barriers to Lean–Green Manufacturing System (LGMS): A Multi-criteria Decision-Making Approach

  • Rahul SindhwaniEmail author
  • Punj Lata Singh
  • Vipin Kaushik
  • Sumit Sharma
  • Rakesh Kr. Phanden
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In order to reap the benefits of both lean and green would lead to a new system named Lean–Green Manufacturing System (LGMS). The adoption of LGMS in manufacturing industry can really yield advantages in terms of economic and environmental performance primarily and social performance too. The emerging economies like BRICS nations are boosting their manufacturing sector and generating an unsustainable situation. The adoption of LGMS can check the situation without any impact on the manufacturing sector growth. However, this change in manufacturing system is hindered by many issues without which the implementation of LGMS is not possible. This paper identifies 7 barriers to LGMS through the review of literature and consultation with experts. An application of VIKOR method would lead to the identification of the few most important barriers which should be taken first to address the issue faster.


Green manufacturing Barriers VIKOR method Lean manufacturing Multi-Criteria Decision Method (MCDM) 



Authors are highly grateful to all the experts who gave their valuable inputs to complete this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahul Sindhwani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Punj Lata Singh
    • 2
  • Vipin Kaushik
    • 1
  • Sumit Sharma
    • 1
  • Rakesh Kr. Phanden
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Civil Engineering Department, Amity School of Engineering and TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

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