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Yellow Peril or Yellow Revival? Ethnicity, Race and Nation in Late Qing Chinese Utopianism (1902–1911)

  • Guangyi LiEmail author
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Abstract

This chapter delves into late Qing utopian thought from the perspective of ethnicity, race and nation. It begins with a historical account of the origin and development of modern racism, especially the concept of the ‘yellow race’. For China, a country where yellow has been a symbol of greatness, nobility and royalty for thousands of years, Western racial discourse such as ‘yellow peril’, surprisingly, became a catalyst for racism and nationalism. A considerable number of Chinese intellectuals regarded the xenophobic fear of the yellow race in the West as recognition of their own potential, from which they derived a utopian prospect for China and the Chinese. It is noteworthy that there are interesting divergences between these utopias, reflecting very dissimilar aims and hopes relevant to the world order.

Keywords

Yellow race Utopianism Late Qing China Nationalism 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social SciencesChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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